千教网
输入关键词,搜索您要的课件,教案,试题
您的位置: 千教网 >> 英语试题下载 >>2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题九:名词性从句

欢迎您到“千教网”下载“2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题九:名词性从句”的资源,本文档是ppt格式,无须注册即可下载,点击“本地下载”即可下载
2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题九:名词性从句
所属科目:英语    文件类型:ppt
类别:试题、练习
上传日期:2018/10/11  
相关资源:
2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题八:定语从句

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题六:动词的时态和语态

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题十三:构词法

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题十二:特殊句式

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题十:并列连词和状语从句

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题四:形容词和副词

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题七:非谓语动词

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题三:介词和介词短语

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题二:代词(共46张ppt)

2018年高考英语一轮复习语法课件专题五:数词和主谓一致

2018版高考英语一轮讲义:高考话题(16)节假日活动

2018版高考英语一轮讲义:高考话题(18)工作与职业

温馨提示:本站所有教学资源均是完全免费提供!内容简介下方即有下载连接!

下载步骤:直接点击即可下载

注意:1.源文件中的公式,图片,在下边的内容预览中被忽略!(文档内容预览在最下方)

    2.下载链接在下方,无需注册直接可下载!

文档内容预览:
  
该ppt共有39张ppt
----第1张ppt内容:------
语法专题九 名词性从句

----第2张ppt内容:------
-2-
高考感悟
考点归纳
1.(2016·北京改编)Your support is important to our work.       you can do helps.?2.(2016·北京改编)The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is       one can be entirely free from dust.?
1.Whatever 句意:你的支持对我们的工作来说十分重要,你所做的一切对我们都有帮助。“Whatever you can do”在句中做主语,do后缺少宾语,故应用Whatever (任何事情)来引导主语从句。2.that 句意:雨季最让人愉悦的一件事情就是可以完全远离尘土。分析句子结构可知,空处在句子中引导表语从句,且从句句子结构完整,故用that,只起连接作用,无实在意义。

----第3张ppt内容:------
-3-
高考感悟
考点归纳
3.(2016·天津改编)The manager put forward a suggestion       we should have an assistant.There is too much work to do.?4.(2015·浙江改编)If you swim in a river or lake,be sure to investigate       is below the water surface.Often there are rocks or branches hidden in the water.?
3.that 句意:经理提出了一条建议,我们应该有个助手。要做的工作太多了。此处考查同位语从句的引导词,由于空后的从句不缺少任何成分,应是同位语从句,用that来引导。4.what 分析句子结构可知,句中的investigate是及物动词,后跟宾语从句,从句中缺少主语,故填what。句意:如果你去河里或湖里游泳,一定要调查清楚水面下有什么。经常有岩石或树枝藏在水下。

----第4张ppt内容:------
-4-
高考感悟
考点归纳
5.(2015·四川改编)The exhibition tells us       we should do something to stop air pollution.?
why 分析句子结构可知,tell后面的宾语从句中缺状语。根据句意 “这次展览告诉我们,为什么我们应该为防止空气污染做点事。” 可知空格处应该填why,表示我们应该为防止空气污染做点事的原因。

----第5张ppt内容:------
-5-
高考感悟
考点归纳








----第6张ppt内容:------
-6-
高考感悟
考点归纳







1.主语从句在复合句中充当主语,大多数主语从句都可以用it做形式主语而把主语从句置于句尾。it做形式主语后接that引导的主语从句时,that不可以省略。what引导的主语从句不能用it做形式主语代替。How we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.我们理解事物的方式与我们的感受有很大关系。Exactly when the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain,but it was probably around 1565.马铃薯具体是在什么时候被引入欧洲的并不确定,但有可能是在1565年左右。

----第7张ppt内容:------
-7-
高考感悟
考点归纳







What makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer.使这本书非同寻常的是这位作家创造性的想象力。That she will succeed is certain.→It is certain that she will succeed.她肯定会成功。

----第8张ppt内容:------
-8-
高考感悟
考点归纳







2.it做形式主语的常见句型(1)It is+名词(no wonder,an honor,a good thing,a pity,no surprise等)+从句。It is no surprise that we will win the match.我们将会赢得比赛这一点也不惊奇。(2)It is+形容词(obvious,true,natural,surprising,good,funny,possible,likely,certain等)+从句。It is certain that he will come.他会来,这一点很肯定。(3)It is+过去分词(said,reported,thought,expected,decided,announced等)+从句。It is said that Mr.Smith has arrived.据说史密斯先生已经到了。

----第9张ppt内容:------
-9-
高考感悟
考点归纳







1.动词和介词后面都可以跟宾语从句。大多数动词(hope,tell,say等)后可以跟宾语从句。介词后只能跟wh-类连接词引导的宾语从句。We must find out when Karl is coming,so we can book a room for him.我们必须弄明白卡尔会在什么时候到来,这样我们就可以为他订房间了。Pick yourself up.Courage is doing what you’re afraid to do.振作起来。勇气就是去做你害怕做的事。

----第10张ppt内容:------
-10-
高考感悟
考点归纳







It’s good to know that the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away.得知在我们离开期间这些狗将会受到很好的照顾真是太好了。I don’t think (that) you are right.我认为你不对。2.动词find,feel,think,consider,make,believe等后有宾语补足语时,需用it做形式宾语而将that引导的宾语从句后置。I think it necessary that we take plenty of boiled water every day.我认为我们有必要每天喝足够的开水。

----第11张ppt内容:------
-11-
高考感悟
考点归纳







3.hate,enjoy,like,love,dislike,see to等后接宾语从句时,常在从句前面加it。I hate it when they talk with their mouths full of food.我不喜欢人们吃着东西说话。4.sure,certain,glad,pleased,happy,surprised等形容词后也可接宾语从句。I’m sure that they can make it.我确定他们会成功。

----第12张ppt内容:------
-12-
高考感悟
考点归纳







1.跟在be或者其他系动词后的从句为表语从句。that引导表语从句时不能省略。The best moment for the football star was when he scored the winning goal.对足球明星来说最好的时刻就是他进决胜球的时候。As John Lennon once said,life is what/whatever happens to you while you are busy making other plans.正如约翰·列侬曾经说过的,生活就是当你忙于制订其他的计划时,所发生在你身上的事情。The message of Saving Private Ryan is that humans want peace,not war.《拯救大兵瑞恩》传达的信息是人们想要和平而不是战争。

----第13张ppt内容:------
-13-
高考感悟
考点归纳







2.主句主语为idea,advice,suggestion,order,request,requirement等名词时,表语从句的谓语应该用“should+动词原形”的形式,should可以省略。His suggestion is that we (should) change our course.他建议我们改变航线。3.主语为名词reason时,表语从句的连接词用that,不用why或者because。The reason for the accident is that the driver was too careless.事故的原因是司机太大意。

----第14张ppt内容:------
-14-
高考感悟
考点归纳







4.because,as if,as though,as等也可引导表语从句。From space,the earth looks blue.This is because about seventy-one percent of its surface is covered by water.从太空看,地球是蓝色的。这是因为地球表面大约71%的地方被水覆盖着。

----第15张ppt内容:------
-15-
高考感悟
考点归纳







同位语从句是用来解释说明某一名词的内容或者性质的从句。1.常见的能接同位语从句的名词有:belief,fact,hope,idea,doubt,news,conclusion,suggestion,problem,order,answer,decision,explanation,information,thought,word等。It was sad news that a music professor in Beijing committed suicide days ago.几天前,北京的一位音乐教授自杀了,这是个不幸的消息。People all over the world have a dream that they will always live a peaceful life.全世界的人民都有一个梦想,即永远过着和平的生活。

----第16张ppt内容:------
-16-
高考感悟
考点归纳







2.同位语从句一般用that引导,但根据语境的不同,也可以用其他的连接代词和连接副词。引导同位语从句的that不能省略。—Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday?—Yeah,but I have no idea why he did it;that’s one of his favorite universities.——昨天迈克拒绝接受来自耶鲁大学的录取通知书是真的吗?——是的,但是我不能理解他为什么这样做;那可是他最喜欢的大学之一。3.有时同位语从句不紧跟在它所说明的名词后,而是被别的成分隔开。The story goes that William Tell did kill the king.故事流传说威廉·泰尔确实杀了国王。

----第17张ppt内容:------
-17-
高考感悟
考点归纳







4.doubt后面的从句要根据具体情况选择引导词。doubt用于肯定句时,其后的宾语从句用whether/if引导,同位语从句用whether引导;用于否定句时,宾语从句和同位语从句都用that引导。You can complain,but I doubt whether it will make any difference.你可以发牢骚,但我对这样做是否有用表示怀疑。There is no doubt that we will have an exam next week.毫无疑问下周我们要考试。

----第18张ppt内容:------
-18-
高考感悟
考点归纳







whether与if 当“是否”讲时,在下列情况下只用whether,不用if:1.引导主语从句并用在句首时。Whether you are on good terms with your classmates will affect your mood.你与同学相处得是否融洽会影响你的情绪。2.引导表语从句和同位语从句时。We should discuss the question whether we can finish it on time carefully.我们要认真讨论一下我们是否能按时完成任务这个问题。

----第19张ppt内容:------
-19-
高考感悟
考点归纳







3.所引导的从句做介词宾语时。It all depends on whether they will lend us the money.这都要看他们是否会借给我们钱。4.从句后有“or not”时。I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Beijing.我不知道他是否已经到达了北京。5.后接动词不定式时。I don’t know whether to go to the party.我不知道是否去参加聚会。

----第20张ppt内容:------
-20-
高考感悟
考点归纳







1.that 引导名词性从句时,在从句中不充当任何句子成分,只起连接作用,也没有任何含义;that 引导的宾语从句一般不做介词的宾语(介词but,except,besides,in除外)。That he failed the exam made me surprised.(主语从句,that不充当从句成分)他考试没及格令我很惊讶。He is a good student except that he is a little careless.除了有点粗心以外,他是一个好学生。

----第21张ppt内容:------
-21-
高考感悟
考点归纳







2.what引导名词性从句时,其意义为“……的人/物/数目等”,在从句中充当主语、宾语、表语或定语。what具有双重作用,既能引导从句,又能在从句中做成分。做主语、宾语和表语时what可以分解成“定语从句的先行词+关系代词”,即常说的“先行词+that”。“Every time you eat a sweet,drink green tea.” This is what my mother used to tell me.(what 指“……说的话”)“每次吃糖,要喝点绿茶,” 这是我母亲过去常告诉我的。A ship in harbor is safe,but that’s not what ships are built for.(做for的宾语,意思为“什么样的用途”)船停泊在港湾里会很安全,但人们把它造出来可不是为了这个目的。

----第22张ppt内容:------
-22-
高考感悟
考点归纳







You will know what side effect the medicine brings about.(做定语,意思为“什么样的”)你将会知道这种药会带来什么副作用。He lives in what we call “spring city”.(表示“……的地方”)=He lives in the place that we call “spring city”.他住在一个叫“春城”的地方。You don’t know what good students they are.(表示“多么”,此为感叹句用于宾语从句中)你不知道他们是多么好的学生。

----第23张ppt内容:------
-23-
高考感悟
考点归纳







3.which 引导名词性从句,其意义为“哪一个”,可以指人也可以指物,是在已知的具体的人、事、物当中进行选择;引导定语从句时,只能当关系代词,在从句中做主语或宾语,且只能指物。Tell me which book you like better,the red one or the blue one?I will buy the book which you choose for you.告诉我你更喜欢哪本书,红色的还是蓝色的?我给你买你选中的那本。4.A is to B what C is to D.A对于B 就像C对于D一样。Air is to us what water is to fish.空气对于我们就像水对于鱼一样。

----第24张ppt内容:------
-24-



Ⅰ.单句填空1.Weeks later,Marion called to thank Sammy.He responded,“I just did       I had to do.”(2016·合肥第一次质检)?2.They wanted to understand who painted the pictures and       they might mean.(2016·郑州第二次质量预测)?
1.what 分析句子结构可知,空处引导的从句做did的宾语,且空处在从句中充当do的宾语,故填what。2.what 由该句结构可知,空处为宾语从句的连接词,且空处在从句中做动词mean的宾语,故用what。

----第25张ppt内容:------
-25-



3.Perhaps contrary to       we used to think of the US high school students,they pay great attention to their academic performance to try to get into distinguished university.(2016·石家庄调研检测)?4.Actually,children learn violence behavior from adults or from       they see on television or on the Internet.(2016·福建五校毕业班统考)?
3.what 空处引导宾语从句,在从句中做宾语,表示物的概念,故填what。4.what 分析该句结构可知,空处引导宾语从句,且在从句中做“see”的宾语,故用what。

----第26张ppt内容:------
-26-



5.I don’t know       she will be admitted to the university.?6.It seems to me       adequate health care is the right of every citizen.?
5.whether/if whether/if引导宾语从句。句意:我不知道她是否能考上大学。6.that seem是系动词,其后为表语(表语从句),而to me为状语。这是一个固定句型,结构是:it seems (to sb.)+that从句,意思是“(对某人来说)似乎/好像……”。to sb.一般只放在seem后面,不能放在句首或句尾。

----第27张ppt内容:------
-27-



7.Carl found it difficult to recognize Emma because she was no longer       she was five years ago.?8.He asked me       I intended to do after I graduated.?9.I have no doubt       my brother will pass the driving test.?
7.what 分析该句结构可知,空处引导表语从句,且在从句中做主语,故填what。8.what 由该句结构可知,此处引导宾语从句,且在从句中做宾语,故填what。9.that 此处为doubt引导的同位语从句,连接词用that。

----第28张ppt内容:------
-28-



10.        or not a computer is lightweight is important.11.       made that statement does not know the facts.?
10.Whether 根据句意“是否计算机是轻量级的是很重要的”可知,空处引导主语从句,且从句后有“or not”时,连接词只用whether不用if。11.Whoever 句意:无论是谁做了那条声明,都不知道事实。空后的从句中缺少主语,应用whoever=anyone who,它既引导主语从句也在从句中做主语。who“谁”,语义不合适。whoever“无论谁”。

----第29张ppt内容:------
-29-



12.Anne felt terrible,which was       she was late for the exam.?13.It was my first day at the university,and I was on my way to my first class.I wondered       else would be in the class and       the teacher would be like.
12.why 句意:安妮感到很不舒服,这就是她考试迟到的原因。why在此处引导表语从句,并在从句中做原因状语。13.who;what 分析该句结构可知,第一个空处引导宾语从句,且在从句中做主语,指人,故用who。what...be like为固定形式,表示“……是什么样子”。第二个空处为what引导的宾语从句做wonder的宾语,同时what在宾语从句中做介词like的宾语。

----第30张ppt内容:------
-30-



14.Polly refused to say       had organized the meeting.However,everyone knew it was Jim.?15.One reason for his preference for city life is       he can have easy access to places like parks.?
14.who 分析该句结构可知,空处引导宾语从句,且在从句中做主语,根据后文可知,此处指人,故用who。15.that 主语为名词reason时,表语从句的连接词用that,不用why或者because。故应填that。

----第31张ppt内容:------
-31-



Ⅱ.单句改错1.Habits,good or bad,make you which you are.(2016·昆明两区七校调研)?2.However,when they got home,I hesitated for a moment and told them that truly happened.(2016·山西第二次四校联考)
1.which→who或what who或what引导宾语从句,在从句中做are的表语,符合语境。which表示有所选择,意为“哪一个”,不符合语境。2.that→what 分析句子结构可知,宾语从句中缺少主语,应用what。

----第32张ppt内容:------
-32-



3.If we try our best to get ahead,we will be able to achieve what we desire and deserve it.?4.After dinner,I packed into the suitcase which my grandparents would need,such as clothes,glasses,an umbrella,and a map.(2016·河南六市第一次联考)
3.删除it what在宾语从句中充当宾语,it多余,故删除it。4.which→what 分析句子结构可知,从句what my grandparents would need 做packed的宾语;连接词what做从句中need的宾语。

----第33张ppt内容:------
-33-



5.Can you tell me that why I’m unhappy? (2016·沈阳第一次质量监测)?6.But warm Australian nights were which I adored most of all.(2016·武汉调研)
5.删除that 分析句子结构可知,此处为why引导的宾语从句,故that多余。6.which→what 根据该句结构可知,该句含表语从句,连接词在从句中做adored的宾语,故用what。

----第34张ppt内容:------
-34-



7.I fully understand when we are not comfortable about it,but there’s no need to feel too sad.(2016·湖北七市教科协作体联考)?8.Tell the taxi driver where do you want to go.
7.when→why 根据该句中的“understand”及语境可以判断,应用why引导该宾语从句。8.删除do 分析句子结构可知,where在句中引导宾语从句,应用陈述语气,故do多余。

----第35张ppt内容:------
-35-



9.The fact whether I almost drowned makes me very careful about water safety whenever I go swimming.?10.I didn’t know that the science museum was,so I asked the man which bus I should take.?
9.whether→that 此处是同位语从句,又因为从句中不缺少成分,故填连词that。10.that→where 分析句子结构和下句暗示可知,宾语从句中缺少地点状语,故用where。

----第36张ppt内容:------
-36-



Ⅲ.短文改错(2016·重庆一诊)Dear Laura,Thanks for letting us to stay at your seaside house.Now,you might have heard from your neighbors about which happened on Saturday evening.When I was out a walk,my younger son,Tom,played the football before your house.He made so much noise that the neighbors got quite angrily.Even worse,Tom broke one of the window of Mr.Wilson’s house.Tom and I apologized to all the neighbors for the unhappy happenings,but promised to have the broken window repair soon.Tom said that we would not do such silly things any more.I am glad that your neighbors had forgiven us.They are really nice people.Yours,Betty

----第37张ppt内容:------
-37-




----第38张ppt内容:------
-38-



1.删除to 考查非谓语动词。let sb.do sth.为固定用法,意为“让某人做某事”。2.which→what 考査名词性从句。此处是一个宾语从句,从句中缺少主语,应用what引导宾语从句。3.out后加for 考查介词。be out for a walk意为“出去散步”,for表示“目的”。4.删除the 考查冠词。球类运动前不用冠词。5.angrily→angry 考查形容词。get为系动词,后应接形容词做表语。6.window→windows 考查名词的数。one of后的名词应用复数形式。

----第39张ppt内容:------
-39-



7.but→and 考查连词。根据前后句逻辑可知,此处表示并列关系,而不是转折关系。8.repair→repaired 考査非谓语动词。句中的have意为“使得”,其后的宾补与宾语之间是动宾关系,应用过去分词。9.we→he 考查代词。根据语境可知,此处表示汤姆不会再做这样的傻事。10.had→have 考查动词时态。主句谓语动词为一般现在时,所以从句应用现在完成时。

关于资源的下载性声明:千教网本身不提供任何资源的下载服务,也不会保存任何数据在服务器上。所有资源的下载,均源于互联网抓取。当该资源的原始地址失效时,您可能无法获取该资源。
关于本站 | 免责声明 | 广告联系 | 网站提交 | 网友留言 | 联系我们