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2019届高考英语一轮复习练习必修1_Unit1知能演练轻松闯关
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上传日期:2018/11/8  
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课时练1 阅读理解提速练
 阅读理解
A
(2018·合肥高三调研性检测)
Golden Gate Bridge
Located in San Francisco, the Golden Gate Bridge started in the year 1933 to connect the San Francisco Peninsula with Marin County. It was finally thrown open to public in 1937. It cost more than $ 35 million in the construction. Till the year 1957, the Golden Gate Bridge, at a length of 2,737 meters, was the longest suspension bridge in the world.
Brooklyn Bridge
The Brooklyn Bridge is located in Brooklyn. It is one of the oldest bridges in the United States, opened in the year 1883. The length of the bridge is 1,825 meters. The bridge has been featured in several Hollywood movies.
George Washington Bridge
Also known as the Hudson River Bridge, the George Washington Bridge which connects Fort Lee to Manhattan came into use in 1931 after a construction period of almost 4 years. It is a two-level suspension bridge.
Mackinac Bridge
This is the third biggest suspension bridge in the world at a length of 8,038 meters. The architect of this bridge was Dr. David B. Steinman who directed the construction of the bridge which started in the year 1954.It was opened to the public in 1957. People using this bridge are charged a certain amount of money.
Navajo Bridge
Located in Arizona, this bridge crosses the Colorado River and is almost 250 meters long. The construction of this bridge started in the year 1927, ending two years later, costing $390,000. In the 1990s a second bridge was built which was opened to the public in 1995. The first bridge is still used by pedestrians now.
【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了美国五座著名的大桥。
1.What do we know about the Golden Gate Bridge?
A.It consists of two bridges.
B.It costs the least of the five bridges.
C.It is the longest suspension bridge in the world.
D.It takes about 4 years to complete the construction.
D 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段中的 “the Golden Gate Bridge started in the year 1933 to connect the San Francisco Peninsula with Marin County. It was finally thrown open to public in 1937”可推知,金门大桥的建造时间约有四年,故D项正确。
2.Which of the following bridges was built the earliest?
A.Golden Gate Bridge.
B.Brooklyn Bridge.
C.George Washington Bridge.
D.Navajo Bridge.
B 解析:细节理解题。由题干关键词“was built the earliest”定位到每座大桥的建造时间;根据文中各座大桥的建造时间可知,布鲁克林大桥是最古老的大桥,故B项正确。
3.What will you do if you drive across Mackinac Bridge?
A.Have to pay some money.
B.Use the second bridge.
C.Cover nearly 250 meters.
D.See the statue of Dr. David B. Steinman.
A 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段尾句“People using this bridge are charged a certain amount of money.”可知,使用麦基诺大桥的人会被收取一定量的钱,故A项正确。
B
(2018·惠州高三第一次调研考试)Following the crowd may not always be in a person’s best interest.But new research suggests that teens who get along with their friends may end up healthier as adults.
Scientists have known that close friendships help boost health.That’s true for both teens and adults. The finding inspired Joseph Allen, a psychologist at the University of Virginia, and his team to study whether experiences during teen years would influence adult health.
So they followed 171 teens, starting when the kids were just 13. They interviewed each one every year for five years,and also spoke to these teens’ closest friends,who provided additional information about the quality of their friendships.The same 171 people were interviewed again at ages 25, 26 and 27. This time, the questions surveyed each person’s overall health. When the researchers analyzed the data, they found a strong connection between a teen’s behavior and adult health. Teens who had close friends grew up to be the healthier adults. Whether teens held back their feelings or expressed them to close friends also influenced later health. Those who held back their feelings were more likely to be sick as adults. The connection held up even after the scientists accounted for other possible influences on health.Weight,family income and drug use were all examined. So were mental health issues,such as anxiety and depression. And in these people,such other factors did not explain adult health as well as teen friendships did.
Getting along with the crowd may have benefits, says Allen, but there are also drawbacks. Teens who are more independent tend to do better at school and work. And peer pressure may lead some kids to engage in risky behavior, such as smoking, drinking or using drugs. Dealing with it is an ongoing challenge,Allen acknowledges. “Finding the right balance is the key. Teens shouldn’t lose heart for not finding this easy.”And, he adds,“Parents need to be understanding about the pressures teens face.”
【解题导语】 研究表明,与朋友较少或者没有朋友的青少年相比,有朋友的青少年在长大后更健康。当然,与朋友相处也有坏处。
4.Where can you probably read this passage?
A.Science fiction.
B.Health column.
C.Fashion magazine.
D.Entertainment newspaper.
B 解析:文章出处题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍青少年时的友谊对青少年成年后健康的影响。据此可知,本文属于健康知识类文章,故可判断,本文可能选自“健康专栏”。故B项正确。
5.We can learn from Allen’s study that________.
A.many other factors have a greater influence on adult health than teen friendships
B.mental health issues have nothing to do with adult health
C.the same 171 teens were interviewed each year from 13 to 27
D.the teens who couldn’t express themselves grew up to be unhealthier
D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Whether teens held back...sick as adults”可知,青少年是否向他们的好朋友表达情感也会影响到其成年后的健康,那些压抑情感的青少年成年后很可能不健康。故D项正确。
6.According to what Allen said, we can know that________.
A.in order to do better at school, teens should not follow the crowd
B.though it’s challenging for teens to deal with peer pressure, they should not give up
C.teens will engage in smoking, drinking or using drugs when facing peer pressure
D.parents should understand their teens and stop them going with friends
B 解析:细节理解题。根据最后一段内容可知,与朋友相处使得青少年在成年后更加健康的同时也会带来不利影响,即周围同龄人带来的压力,这些压力会导致许多问题。分析Allen的话“Finding the right balance is the key.Teens shouldn’t lose heart for not finding this easy”可以判断,青少年要应对这些压力,找到正确的平衡点是关键,不能因为很难找到平衡点就灰心丧气。故选B。
7.What can be inferred from the passage?
A.There is nothing bad for teens to follow the crowd.
B.Close friendships are the most important for people’s health.
C.Teen friendships may help teens become healthier adults. 
D.Adult health is only influenced by teen friendships.
C 解析:推理判断题。根据文章第一段第二句“But new research suggests that teens who get along with their friends may end up healthier as adults”可知,与朋友相处的青少年在成年后会更加健康。C项意为“青少年时期的友谊会帮助青少年成为更加健康的成年人”,符合文章意思。故C项正确。
C
(2018·太原高三模拟)
Dear Parents,
I’m delighted that you are considering The British International School for your child’s education. Our school offers first-class international education delivered by experienced and professional staff.
We aim to provide a high quality British-style education characterized by:
The arrangement of the English national curriculum to meet the needs of international and local students and offering an insight into the local culture.
High quality teaching provided by international and local staff.
A broad personal development plan for students that encourages independence, confidence, tolerance, good manners and respect.
A recognition of the school-parent partnership in the successful education of the children.
An acknowledgement that all students are individuals who deserve an environment to help them realize their academic and other potential, thereby preparing them for their chosen continuing education and career.
A safe, caring, happy and stimulating environment benefiting from high quality facilities.
Our school provides an effective framework for education through a broad, balanced and monitored curriculum. As students advance through the schooling, we make sure that their needs are met through progressive teaching and learning. Although our curriculum is based upon the national curriculum for England, it is adapted where appropriate, to ensure suitability for our diverse student body. Thus,we strive for the development of transferable skills through the years of schooling, as well as the acquisition(获得) of a broad body of knowledge.
Students are given opportunities to develop many skills, which include skills in language, science, technology and mathematics, in the aesthetic(审美的) and creative fields of music, drama and art, and in physical education.
We insist that students act in a responsible manner toward all members of the community. Throughout the school years, students are taught to distinguish between right and wrong and show consideration for others. The qualities of honesty, kindness and good manners are always encouraged. Our friendly atmosphere provides a secure and happy environment in which children can grow as individuals and valued members of the school family.
【解题导语】 该文是一封学校校长致家长的信。
8.What do you think the author is?
A.A school principal.
B.An exchange student.
C.An assistant professor.
D.An experienced lecturer.
A 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段第二句“Our school offers first-class international education delivered by experienced and professional staff”可推知,本文的作者是文中所提到的学校的校长,故选A。
9.Why does the school change its curriculum when necessary?
A.To develop some good students’ skills.
B.To meet the needs of different students.
C.To offer an insight into the local culture.
D.To help students realize their potential.
B 解析:细节理解题。根据倒数第三段的“Although our curriculum is based upon the national curriculum for England, it is adapted where appropriate, to ensure suitability for our diverse student body”可知,课程的调整是为了适应学生需求的多样性。
10.Which of the following about the students is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A.Manners.
B.Self-discipline.
C.Qualities.
D.Independence.
B 解析:细节理解题。根据文中第五段的“A broad personal development plan for students that encourages independence, confidence, tolerance, good manners and respect”可知,文章中没有提到自律。
11.What is the purpose of the passage?
A.The author thinks schools and parents play an important role in teachi
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