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2019届高考英语一轮复习练习必修1_Unit3知能演练轻松闯关
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上传日期:2018/11/8  
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课时练1 阅读理解提速练
 阅读理解
A
(2018·沈阳市高三模拟)Wild elephants can tell whether a voice comes from a man,a woman or a boy,a new study says.That’s what researchers found when they played recordings of people for elephants in Kenya.Scientists say this is an advanced thinking skill that other animals haven’t shown.It lets elephants figure out who is a threat and who isn’t.The result shows that the clever animals are also studying people,said study author Karen McComb.
“Basically,they have developed this very rich knowledge of the humans that they share their habitat with,”said McComb,a professor at the University of Sussex in England.“Memory is key.They must build up that knowledge somehow.”
The study was released on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
It’s close to but not quite like the Dr.Seuss’s book,where the elephant Horton hears something that others can’t hear.
McComb and colleagues went to Amboseli National Park in Kenya,where hundreds of wild elephants live among humans,sometimes coming in conflict over scarce water.The scientists used voice recordings of Maasai men,who on occasion kill elephants,and Kamba men,who are less of a threat to the elephants.
As a result,the elephants reacted more defensively—retreating and gathering in a bunch—to the Maasai language recording because it was associated with the more threatening human tribe,said study co-author Graeme Shannon.
They repeated the experiment with recordings of Maasai men and women.Since women almost never spear elephants,the animals reacted less defensively to the women’s voices.The same thing happened when they substituted young boys’ voices.“Making this kind of fine distinctions in human voice patterns is quite remarkable,”said Emory University animal cognition expert Frans de Waal,who was not part of the study.
【解题导语】 研究表明野生大象能够识别男人、女人和男孩的声音,它们通过思维区分声音并判断谁能对他们产生威胁。
1.Who were the people taking part in the study?
A.Frans de Waal and Karen McComb.
B.Dr.Seuss and Graeme Shannon.
C.Graeme Shannon and Frans de Waal.
D.Karen McComb and Graeme Shannon.
D 解析:细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的“study author Karen McComb”和第六段中的“study co-author Graeme Shannon”可知,Karen McComb和Graeme Shannon都参加了研究,故选D项。
2.What can wild elephants benefit from their special ability?
A.Identifying and avoiding possible danger.
B.Growing much faster than any other animals.
C.Having a better understanding of humans.
D.Developing their language skills.
A 解析:推理判断题。根据文章第一段中的“Scientists say this is an advanced thinking skill that other animals haven’t shown.It lets elephants figure out who is a threat and who isn’t”可知,这种高等的思维方式使野象能够分辨出谁能对它们造成威胁,这样它们可以避免可能的危险,故A项是正确的。
3.Which can replace the underlined word “substituted”in the last paragraph?
A.Distinguished.      B.Repeated.
C.Used. D.Compared.
C 解析:词义猜测题。画线词所在句中的“The same thing happened”指的是前一句中的“the animals reacted less defensively”,画线词所在句讲的是野象对年轻男孩的声音做出的反应,说明当时研究者在对野象播放年轻男孩的声音,故选C项。
4.What does the passage mainly talk about?
A.Wild elephants can distinguish human languages.
B.The conflict between humans and wild elephants is growing.
C.Wild elephants use language skills to make discrimination.
D.Wild elephants can build up good memory and learn tricks.
A 解析:主旨大意题。根据文章第一句“Wild elephants can tell whether a voice comes from a man,a woman or a boy”和全文内容可知,野象能够通过人的声音区分不同人类群体的性别和年龄,故选A项(野象能够区分人类的语言)。
B
(2018·陕西部分学校第一学期摸底检测)From young kids to fitness lovers,to those looking for a laugh, or to families looking for a free movie night, Atlantic Station prepares some days for them to enjoy this year.
Tot Spot—Each Tuesday morning, Atlantic Station’s Central Park transforms into every child’s dream playground! From 10:00 a.m.to noon, kids can enjoy games, storytelling, toys, music and some very special things. This event begins on April 5 and lasts through September 27.
Wellness Wednesday—Each Wednesday from 6:30 p.m.to 7:30 p.m., Atlantic Station’s Central Park becomes the perfect place to find quietness of the mind and body while instructors lead guests through exercises including yoga and more. Wellness Wednesday welcomes all ages and skill levels. This event begins on April 6 and lasts through September 28.
Improv in the Park—Whole World Theatre, Atlanta’s premier improv group, has once again partnered with Atlantic Station to bring a family-friendly night of comedy to the Central Park on the first Wednesday of each month until September. Bring a blanket, relax under the stars and prepare to laugh until your stomach hurts! The hour-long show begins at 8:00 p.m. This event occurs on April 5, May 4, June 1, July 6 and August 3.
Movies in the Central Park—Each Thursday night at dusk, guests are invited to bring chairs, blankets, to-go snacks and picnics to Atlantic Station’s Central Park. All outdoor screenings are available, weather permitting, so keep your fingers crossed for no The Wizard of Oz-type storms! Be sure to arrive early to find a good seat.
【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了大西洋站几个可以让人们放松自己、享受生活和获得乐趣的活动。
5.Mothers can take their kids who like listening to stories to ________.
A.Tot Spot
B.Improv in the Park
C.Wellness Wednesday
D.Movies in the Central Park
A 解析:细节理解题。根据文中第二段中的“From 10:00 a.m.to noon, kids can enjoy games, storytelling, toys, music and some very special things”可知,从上午10点到中午,在Tot Spot活动中孩子们可以做游戏、讲故事、玩玩具、听音乐等。结合选项可知,想听故事的孩子们可以去参加Tot Spot活动,故A项正确。
6.When can you do yoga with an instructor in Atlantic Station’s Central Park?
A.On each Tuesday from 6:30 p.m.to 7:30 p.m.in August.
B.On each Tuesday morning from 10:00 a.m.to noon in July.
C.At 8:00 p.m.on April 5, May 4, June 1, July 6 and August 3.
D.On each Wednesday at 7:00 p.m.in June and July.
D 解析:细节理解题。根据文章第三段中的“Each Wednesday from 6:30 p.m.to 7:30 p.m...including yoga and more” 和“This event begins...September 28”可知,4月6日到9月28日的每个星期三下午6:30到7:30,大西洋站中央公园成为人们寻求心灵宁静和身体放松的地方,有指导者带领客人做包括瑜伽和其他活动在内的练习。由此可知,D项符合题意。
7.What can we learn from the text?
A.Atlantic Station sets the days for guests to have fun.
B.Tickets for Movies in Central Park are hard to get.
C.Movies in the Central Park are shown only indoors.
D.Only teenagers are welcome to join in Wellness Wednesday.
A 解析:推理判断题。根据文章内容,尤其是第一段可知,Atlantic Station为客人安排时间和活动来让他们玩得开心,故A项符合题意。
C
(2018·安徽合肥高三教学质量检测)Susan Brownell Anthony was a lady ahead of her time. She fought for women’s rights long before they became a popular issue.
Susan was born on February 15, 1820, in Adams,Massachusetts. At that time, women had few rights. They could not own property. Money earned by a married woman belonged to her husband. Major decisions regarding children were made by the fathers. Women could not vote.
At the age of 15, Susan became a schoolteacher. She taught for 15 years. Then she began organizing women’s groups to promote causes that were important to women. She helped gain better educational rights for women. She helped give married women possession of their earnings.
After the Civil War, Susan became very involved in the women’s suffrage movement. After years of lecturing, writing,and appealing by Susan and other women, some parts of the United States changed their laws to give women the right to vote. The first state was Wyoming in 1869. Other areas and states gradually followed Wyoming’s decision. It was not until 1920 that the U.S. Constitution was changed to give all women voting rights.
Susan Brownell Anthony died in 1906 at the age of 86. She was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1950. She was the first American woman to have a likeness(肖像) of her face on a coin. It was the 1979 Susan Brownell Anthony dollar.
【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了美国历史上著名的女权运动领袖Susan Brownell Anthony。她努力为妇女争取了财产权、投票权等权利。
8.What was the situation of American women like when Susan was born?
A.They had low social status.
B.They could vote after getting married.
C.They managed money for their husbands.
D.They were responsible for decision-making.
A 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段中的“At that time, women had few rights. They could not own property. Money earned by a married woman belonged to her husband. Major decisions regarding children were made by the fathers. Women could not vote.”可知,在那时,女性没有什么权利,地位是低下的,故A项正确。B、C和D项均与此表述不符。
9.What is the third paragraph mainly about?
A.Susan’s teaching experiences.
B.Susan’s educational background.
C.Susan’s efforts to abolish slavery.
D.Susan’s fighting for women’s causes.
D 解析:段落大意题。通读第三段尤其是“Then she began organizing women’s groups to promote causes that were important to women”可知,本段主要讲述Susan Brownell Anthony为争取女权而斗争的情况,故D项正确。
10.What does the word “decision” in the fourth paragraph refer to?
A.Promoting the social movement.
B.Changing the U.S. Constitution.
C.Giving women voting rights.
D.Uniting other areas and states.
C 解析:词义猜测题。根据第四段第二句中的“some parts of the United States changed their laws to give women the right to vote”可知,在Susan Brownell Anthony的努力下,美国一些地区修改了法律,给了妇女投票权;结合该段第三、四句可以判断,画线词指代“给妇女投票权”这一决定,故C项正确。
11.What may be the best title for the text?
A.The First American Woman to Invent Coins
B.The Problem of Women’s Rights in the U.S.
C.The Most Popular Women Organizations
D.A Pioneer in Fighting for Women’s Rights
D 解析:标题归纳题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍了美国历史上著名的女权运动领袖Susan Brownell Anthony。她为妇女争取了财产权、投票权等权利。据此可知D项最适合作文章标题。
D
(2018·福州市高三毕业班适应性练习)In this day and age, it may seem that getting two people with different views together to discuss them is a recipe for disaster. Just think about what would happen if you sat down and had an open and honest conversation with someone with completely opposing views. Could it bring you closer together?
However,the Human Library organization is counting on it.
At a Human Library, people volunteer to become “books” and make their experiences open and available.“Readers” are encouraged to ask them questions freely,and they’ll get honest answers in re
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