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黑龙江省牡丹江第一高中2019届高三上学期期中英语试卷(有答案)
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上传日期:2019/1/30  
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牡一中2016级高三学年上学期期中考试
英 语 试 题
本试卷共150分 答题时间120分钟
第一节:单项选择(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)。
1. — Of the two bags, which one do you prefer?
— __________bigger one. It's_________ most beautiful one, I think.
The; a B. The; the C. A; / D. A; the
2. The Government will force companies to ________ any possible measures to reduce air pollution.
A. adjust B. adopt C. adapt D. accept
3. There are many factors that _________ the popularity of the 4G cell phone. Higher speed of surfing the Internet is one.
A. answer for B. provide for C. account for D. apply for
4. Lucy has got accustomed _________ western food by herself.
A. to cooking B. to cook C. with cooking D. cook
5. Football fans are always arguing over those ______ goals in the World Cup.
A. confidential B. controversial C. contemporary D. contradictory
Don’t defend him any more. It’s obvious that he ___________ destroyed the fence of the garden even without apology.
accidentally B. carelessly C. deliberately D. clumsily
Mr. Wang made up his mind to devote all he could __________ his oral English before going abroad.
improve B. to improve C. improving D. to improving
8. —Why, my new computer is rubbish! Five hours has passed and it still hasn’t finished the downloading.
—Don’t worry. You know, sometimes the Internet ________ be very slow.
A. can B. may C. should D. must
9. All of us want to go to the park ___________ Bob. He had to look after his sick mother at home.
A. Except B. besides C. except for D. in addition to
10. It might have saved me some trouble ____________ the schedule.
A. Did I know B. have I known C. do I know D. had I known
第二节:阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中, 选出最佳选项。
A
A man walked into a small Irish pub and ordered three beers. Bartender was surprised, but he served that man three beers. One hour later the man ordered three beers again. The very next day that man ordered three beers again and drank quietly at a table. This repeated several times and shortly after the people of the town were whispering about the man, who was ordering three beers at once.
A couple of weeks later, the bartender decided to clear this out and inquired: “I do not want to pry, but could you explain, why do you order three beers all the time?” The man replied: “It seems strange, isn’t it? You see, my two brothers live abroad at the moment, one – in France and another – in Italy. We have made an agreement, that every time we go to pub each of us will order extra two beers and it will help keeping up the family bond”.
Soon all the town have heard about the man’s answer and liked it a lot. The man became a local celebrity. Residents of the town were telling this story to newcomers or tourists and even invited them to that pub to look at Three Beer Man.
However, one day the man came to pub and ordered only two beers, not three as usual. The bartender served him with bad feeling. All that evening the man ordered and drank only two beers. The very next day all the town was talking about this news, some people pray for the soul of one of the brothers, others quietly grieved .
When the man came to pub the next time and ordered two beers again, the bartender asked him: “I would like to offer condolences to you, due to the death of your dear brother”. The man considered this for a moment and then replied: “Oh, you are probably surprised that I order only two beers now? Well, my two brothers are alive and well. It’s just because of my decision. I promised myself to give up drinking.”
11. The man ordered three beers all the time because _______.
A. he was fond of drinking beers in this pub.
B. he missed his two brothers living abroad very much.
C. it was an agreement with his brothers to keep up the family bond.
D. this would help him become a local celebrity.
12. We can infer from the passage that______.
A. news traveled fast in the town.
B. the man became famous in the town because he was a heavy drinker
C. the man’s brothers liked drinking beer very much
D. the man was strong-minded to give up drinking
13. The bartender served the man with bad feeling because ________.
A. he would earn less money
B. he thought the man should order three beers
C. he thought one of the man’s brothers had passed away
D. the man decided to give up drinking
14. The underlined word “condolences” in the last paragraph can be replaced by______.
A. excitement B. appreciation C. surprise D. sympathy
B
You may hear about some people who have walked on the moon. Of the outstanding astronauts listed below, who do you think was the most influential in human's history?
Pete Conrad (Apollo 12)
Because of his dyslexia(阅读障碍), Pete always failed in his study and had to leave school. Then his father sent him to Darrow School, where he performed so well that he won a Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) scholarship. He took the NASA's test, but his dyslexia ruined the opportunity.
It was because of Alan Shepard's persuasion that Pete decided to apply again for NASA. He was chosen as the commander of Apollo 12. He landed on the moon on Nov 19, 1969 and spent 31 hours there.
Neil Armstrong (Apollo 11)
Armstrong’s biggest moment came in 1969, when he was chosen for NASA's first manned lunar mission (登月任务), along with Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins. On July 21, 1969, he set foot on the surface of the moon. which made him the first human to do so. He stayed on the moon for 21 hours. After returning, Armstrong became an international star and was honored worldwide.
John Young (Apollo 16)
Young was made the commander of Apollo 16, which landed on the moon on April 16, 1972. He spent two days and 23 hours on the moon. Young retired from NASA after serving for around 42 years, which made him the man ever to work for NASA for the longest time.
Edgar Mitchell(Apollo 14)
Edgar was selected by NASA in 1966, and was later made the lunar pilot of Apollo 14. He followed his commander Alan Shepard onto the moon, staying there for 1 day and 9 hours. Edgar has expressed his firm belief that UFOS belong to other planets. He also firmly believes that American government is in possession of some “recovered alien bodies.”
What do we know about Pete Conrad?
He didn't show any interest in his study.
His first attempt to enter the NASA failed.
C. His dyslexia did harm to his mental and physical health.
D. He became an astronaut due to his father’s encouragement.
16. Who stayed on the moon for the longest time?
A. Pete Conrad B. Neil Armstrong C. John Young D. Edgar Mitchell
17. What do the four astronauts have in common according to the passage?
A. They were honored all over the world.
B. They worked for the same space program.
C. They went to the moon to achieve their dreams.
D. They encourage young people to explore outer space.
C
Most of us will be familiar with the traditional talent show set-up: thousands of hopefuls line up outside the audition(试音)room, wait for hours to go in and perform for a group of judges. Then these potential pop stars could be lucky and get through to the next round, or they might hear the command, "Sorry, it's a no from me. But what do the judges actually bring to a talent show?
Music talent show judges attract millions of viewers each week to their programs. As public figures, they play an important part in advertising campaigns for these programs. They often receive high salaries and can be moody. Are they really worth the expenses and difficulties that they cause? One solution might be to replace them with computers.
Can computers really match human judges? Scientist Dr Nick Collins and his team at the University of Sussex think they can. Dr Collins has been working on a project that involves programming three computerized judges that he says would be far more consistent in their judgment of musical performances. Employing a special programming language, Dr Collins's digital judges can be trained up by "listening"to particular musical styles. After they have been listening for a while, the programming language allows these judges to spot the specific features of the music, including the voice quality, the rhythm etc. Collins says, “The judges' listening capacity is not yet as good as a human ear, but they won't be as moody as some human reality TV show judges.”
Maybe that is the problem with this electronic musical innovation. Real human judges on talent shows interest us with their personality, decisions and catchy phrases. Will a computer program be able to do the same?
18. The arrangements of the traditional talent show are described in Paragraph 1 to ___________.
A. find out more potential pop stars B. show the popularity of the talent show
make people familiar with the talent show D. bring up the topic of talent show judges
19. What is the key message conveyed in Paragraph 2?
A. Music talent shows are very competitive
B. Music talent shows cost too much money.
C. There are some problems with talent show judges.
D. There are too many advertisements in talent show programs.
20. How does Collins think about his computerized Judges?
A. They can listen as well as human ears. B. They will be welcomed by the public.
C. They will be perfect for any talent show. D. They can judge more fairly than human judges.
21. What's the author 's opinion about replacing real human judges with computerized ones?
A. Doubtful B. Interested C. Satisfied D. Optimistic
D
A child who suffers bullying(霸凌) usually has low self-esteem and their ability to learn and be successful at school is greatly lessened. Therefore, bullying must be stop
…………………………
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