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(名师精讲)2018届中考英语语法专题复习:代词ppt课件((有答案))
所属科目:英语    文件类型:ppt
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该ppt共有52张ppt
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代词

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1. 分析近三年对于代词的考查, 其中对人称代词、物主代词及反身代词的考查尤为突出。?其中题干以对话形式为主,词数在10到18词之间,考生应识记并灵活运用第一、二、三人称的各种变换形式。?2. 同时, 对于不定代词的考查也不容忽视,考生应熟练掌握neither,?either,?both及something,?anything,?everything,?nothing等的用法。

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人称代词指代人或物,分为主格和宾格。主格在句中充当主语;宾格在句中充当动词的宾语或表语、介词的宾语。
考点一:人称代词

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it的用法1) 可代替前面提到过的事物,也可代替可数名词单数或不可数名词。 e.g. This is a watch. It is new.2) 指时间、天气、距离等。 e.g. — How’s the weather today? — It’s sunny. It’s eight o’clock in the evening.

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3) 可代替动词不定式作句中的形式主语或形式宾语,也可用于某些固定句式中。 It’s + adj. / n. (for sb./ of sb.) + to do sth. (it作形式主语) Sb. find(s) / think(s) it + adj. + to do sth. (it作形式宾语) e.g. It’s necessary for us to learn English well. ?She found it difficult to learn geography.

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1. Please?lend _______English?book?to _______. (2016?齐齐哈尔) ?A. your, me? B. you, me? C. you, I2. Tomorrow?is?our?teacher's?birthday? and?we?are?going?to?give?_____?a?big? surprise. (2016?淮安) A. his? B. him? C. he ?D. himself
中考链接
A
B

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3. –Dave, where?is?Mr. Black -I?saw?____?in?the?classroom?ten? minutes?ago.(2016?济南) ? A. he B. him? C. she ?D. her4. –Mike, who?helped?____ make?the?paper? plane?? -Nobody! I?made?it?all?by?myself. (2016? 荆州)? A. your? B. yours? C. you? D. yourself?
B
C

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5. Thanks?for?inviting?_______?to?dinner, Nancy. I?really?enjoyed?it.(2016?河北)? A. her B. him? C. you? D. me6. Nancy?and?Kate?are?good?friends. ________?are?both?from?England. (2016?海南)? A. We? B. You? C. They?
D
C

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7. Could?you?record?today’s?NBA? basketball?game?for?me? I?can?watch? ________?later.(2016?孝感)? A. one? B. my C. your? D. it8. The?retired?couple?have?decided?to?go? to?college. It’s?time?for?____ to?begin? a?new?life. (2016?上海) A. they? B. them? C. their? D. theirs
D
B

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9. My?brother?will?come?to?see?me?tomorrow. I’ll?meet _____ at?the?airport.(2016?北京) A. her B. you ?C. him? D. Them10. To?my?surprise, he?sold_______?house?at ?such?a?low?price. (2016?重庆) ?A. he? B. him? C. his? D. himself?11.?I?can’t?find?my?ticket.?I?think?I?have?lost? ________. ?(2016·天津)? A.?it B.?one ?C.?this D.?them
C
C
A

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考点二:物主代词物主代词用来表示所属关系,分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。形容词性物主代词在句中作定语修饰名词,不能单独使用;名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”,可与of所有格连用。

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1. ---Are?Kate?and?Joan _____ good?friends? ---Yes, they?are. Please?look?after_____. ( 2016?黔南州) ? A. your; their? B. your; them? C. yours; theirs? D. you; them
B
中考链接

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2. My?grandma?and?grandpa?are?teachers. They?both?like ______ students. (2016?毕节市) A. her B. his? C. theirs ?D. their3. –Tina, is?this?your?dictionary? ?-No. ______ is?at?home.(2016?怀化) A. My? B. Mine? C. Yours?
D
B

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4. –David, is?that?______?English?dictionary? ?-Yes, it?is?_______. It?is?new. ( 2016?邵阳) ? A. yours; my? B. your; my? C. your; mine5. She?is?my?friend. _______name?is?Betty. (2016?南宁) A. Its? B. His? C. Her? D. My?
C
C

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6. Good?words?can?touch?not?only?your? heart?but?also?________. (2016?陕西)? A. I? B. my? C. myself? D. mine?7. The?Rio?2016 Olympic?torch?(火炬)? began?_____?95-day?journey?in?Brazil? on?May?3rd. (2016?连云港)? A. it? B. its? C. it's? D. itself
D
B

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8. -What?do?you?think?of?_______?Chinese? teacher, Jim? ? -She’s?an?excellent?teacher, I’ve? improved?a?lot?since she?taught?_______? Chinese. (2016?黄冈) A. our;us? B. our;our? C. ours;us? D. ours;our
A

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9. ---Whose?bike?is?this? ? ---It’s______. My?grandpa?bought?it?for? me?as?a?birthday?present. (2016?威 海)? A. his? B. mine? C. hers?
B

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考点三:反身代词1.?反身代词表示“某人自己的”,在句中可用作动词或介词的宾语,也可用作主语或宾语的同位语,表示强调。


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2.?反身代词的固定搭配有: by oneself (独自), for oneself (为自己), enjoy oneself (过得愉快), help yourself / yourselves to sth. (随便吃), teach oneself (自学), dress oneself (给自己穿衣服), believe in oneself (相信自己), behave oneself (举止规矩), keep it to oneself (不把某事告诉别人), talk to oneself (自言自语), say to oneself (心里想)等。

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1. ---Do?you?know?who?taught _____ French? ---Nobody. He?learned?it?by ____. (2016?荆门) ? A. his; himself? B. him; him? C. him; himself? D. his; him?
C
中考链接

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2.?On?the?way?to?Mount?Heng,?the?scenery? was?so?beautiful?that?all?of?us?lost?______? in?it.?(2016·湖南衡阳) A.?myself B.?themselves C.?ourselves3.?If?we?just?think?about?_______,?the?boat?of friendship?will?be?overturned?anytime.? (2016?山东东营) A.?myself B.?himself C.?yourself D.?ourselves?
C
D

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4. —What?a?nice?model?plane!? —Thanks.?I?made?it?with?3-D?printer? by?_____.? (2016?山东济宁) A.?me B.?him C.?itself ?D.?myself?5.?My?cousin?Andrew?is?crazy?about?doing? many?things?by?_____.? (2016·江苏盐城) A.?herself B.?himself C.?him ? D.?her?
D
B

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6.?—Did?you?make?the?kite?________,?kids ? —No,?our?uncle?made?it?for?us. (2016?四川自贡) A.?yourselves? B.?yourself? ?C.?themselves?7. —?Would?you?please?come?to?play? soccer?with?me —?Sorry!?My?5-year-old?brother?can’t? look?after?_______.? (2016?四川达州) A.?him B.?himself C.?his? ?D.?He?
A
B

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考点四:指示代词常用的指示代词有this,that,these和those。

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温馨提示:1. that和those可用于比较结构来替代前面提到的名词,以避免重复。2.?打电话时用this介绍自己,用that询问对方。

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1.?—The?population?of?China?is?larger? than?______?of?India.? —Yes,?but?India’s?population?is? increasing?rapidly.? (2016?湖北鄂州) A.?it B.?one ? C.?that D.?this
中考链接
C

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2. —Who is that speaking? —_____ Mike speaking. (2015四川眉山) A. I'm B. My name is C. That is D. This is 3. Your home town is really nice! The air quality is as good as _____ of Sanya. (2015江苏常州) A. it B. one C. that D. the one
D
C

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考点五:不定代词常用的不定代词有:some, any, one, no, both, neither, none, all, each, either, many, much, few, little, a few, a little, other, the other, others, the others, another以及由every, some, any, no构成的复合不定代词,如something, everything, nothing, anybody, somebody, nobody, everyone, someone等。

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辨析常用不定代词
both, all, neither, none, either, any1. both, all都表示肯定意义。both表示“两者都”;all表示“三者或三者以上都”。2. neither, none都表示否定意义。neither表示“两者都不”,与both相对;none表示“三者或三者以上都不”,与all相对。3. either表示“两者中任何一个”;any表示“(三者或三者以上中的)任何的,任一的”。

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another, the other, others, the others 1. another指不确定数目中的“另一个”,后接单数名词、“of +复数名词”或“数字+复数名词”。2. the other?特指两部分或两者中的另外一个,常与one?连用。3. others相当于“other +可数名词复数”,表示不确定指,相当于汉语的“其他的人或物,别的人或物”。4. the others表示确定指,相当于汉语的“其余的人或物,所有其他的人或物”。

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复合不定代词

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注意:1.?复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词常用单数形式。 e.g. Everyone in this village is friendly.2.?复合不定代词若有定语修饰时,定语要放在其后。 e.g. Let’s do something interesting. He wants something to eat now.

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3. something?也可用于期望得到对方肯定回答的疑问句中。 e.g. Would you like something to drink?

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1. -There?is?no?salt?left. Jim, would?you? like?to?get?________? -OK, Mum! (2016?呼和浩特) A. it? B. one? C. some? D. any2. I'm?sorry?I?know______?about?it. It's?a?secret?between?them. (2016?重庆) A. nothing? B. something? C. anything? D. everything?
C
A
中考链接

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3. -Is?there ________?else?in?the?classroom -It?is?empty. _____ is?listening?to?a? speech?in?the?school?hall. (2016?泰州) A. anyone; Anyone? B. anyone; Everyone? C. everyone; Anyone? D. everyone; Everyone
B

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4. ---There’re?four?bedrooms?in?the?house _______with?its?own?shower.? ---That’s?what?I?want. I’ve?got?a?few? kids. (2016?武汉) A. either B. neither? C. each? D. none5. --Who?was?hurt?in?the?traffic?accident --_______. (2016?齐齐哈尔) A. None? B. No?one? C. Nothing?
C
B

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6. ---Is?there?______in?today’s?newspaper?? ---No, I?think?everything?in?it?is?boring. (2016?安顺) A. interesting?anything? B. somebody?interesting? C. interesting?something? D. anything?interesting
D

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7. -- Where?would?you?like?to?go?for?your? summer?holiday, Beijing?or?Shanghai? --_______. I?will?go?to?Sanya?in?Hainan. (2016?德州) ? A. Both? B. Each? C. Neither? D. Either8. -- Which?of?the?two?T-shirts?would?you? like?to?choose?? --Both. Then?I?can?give?one?to?my?brother? and?leave?____?to?myself. (2016?哈尔滨)? A. another? B. the?other ?C. other
C
B

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9. In?2022,Beijing?will?host?the?Winter? Olympics. ______?my?brother?and?I?want? to?watch?it.? (2016?长春) A. Neither? B. All ?C. Either? D. Both10. –Sir, ____?called?you?just?now. I?told? him?to?phone?again?20?minutes?later. ? -OK. Thanks, Nancy.(2016?济南) ? A. someone? B. nobody? C. anyone? D. everyone?
D
A

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考点六:疑问代词常用的疑问代词有who, whom, whose, what和which。疑问代词引导的问句为特殊疑问句,它们通常位于疑问句的句首。温馨提示:who通常对表示人的主语、宾语、表语提问,whom对表示人的宾语提问。


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1. —?______?do?you?usually?share?happiness? with ? —?My?parents?and?my?best?friend. (2016?山东青岛) A.?Who? B.?Whose? C.?What? D.?How?
A
中考链接

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2. —I've found a wallet at the gate. _____ is it? —Oh, it's mine. (2015山东威海) A. Where B. What C. Whose3. —_____ will you ask for help when you get into trouble? —My parents, I think. (2015海南) A. Who B. What C. Where
C
A

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4. —_____ is your favorite day? —Monday. Because we have P.E. and music. (2015山东济南) A. Why B. Who C. How D. What
D

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