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(名师精讲)2018届中考英语语法专题复习:动词的时态ppt课件(有答案)
所属科目:英语    文件类型:ppt
类别:试题、练习
上传日期:2019/10/30  
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该ppt共有40张ppt
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动词的时态

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1 一般现在时
考点一:一般现在时可表示经常性或习惯性的动 作,常与often,usually,always, sometimes,every day等连用。 考点二:一般现在时可表示现在的情况或状态。考点三:如果主句为一般将来时,在时间、条件 状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来。考点四:表示客观事实或永恒的真理。

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【中考链接】( ? ) 1. —Tina, breakfast is ready. Dad cooked it for us. —It can’t have been Father. He ______ early on Sundays.A. always gets up? ? B. often got up? C. had got up? ? D. never gets up(2014湖北黄冈)
D

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( ? ) 2. —What do you often do at weekends? —I often ______ my grandparents.A. visit ? ? B. visited ? C. have visited ? ? ? ?D. will visit (2014 北京)( ? ) 3. In Chongqing, you can often see many people dance outside together if it ______ in the evening.A. rains ? B. doesn’t rain ? C. will rain ? ? D. won’t rain (2014 重庆)
B
A

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(? ) 4. —Do you know whether David will go cycling or not tomorrow? —David? Never! He ______ outdoor activities.A. hates ? B. hated ? C. is hating ? ?D. has hated ?(2013 山东泰安)
A

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5. Don’t worry. Bill will help you look after your dog when you ________ away on business. A. are B. were C. will be ?D. have been (2016重庆A卷) 6. Our geography teacher told us that the earth _____ the sun.? A. went around ? B. goes around ? C. is going around D. was going around (2016辽宁丹东)
A
B

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( ) 7. Alice prefers stories that ________ short and funny.A. are B. is C. was D. were (2016 四川南充)( ) 8. —Who is that lady? —She’s Miss Green. She ________ us music, and she is so good.A. taught B. teachesC. will teach D. is teaching (2016 湖北武汉)
A
B

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考点一:现在进行时可表示现在正在进行的 动作和发生的事情,常与now,at the moment,“Look!”,“Listen!” 等连用。考点二:现在进行时可表示现阶段正在发生 的事,常与these days等连用。
2 现在现在时

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【中考链接】( ? ) 1. —Does this bus go to the beach? —No. You ______ the wrong way. You want the Number 11.A. go ? B. were going C. are going ? ?D. would go (2014河南)( ? ) 2. —Where is your father? —He ______ the World Cup in the living room.A. is watching B. watches C. watched ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?D. will watch?(2014 重庆)
C
A

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( ? ) 3. Be quiet! I ______ my homework.A. am doing B. have done C. do ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? D. did?(2014 辽宁沈阳)( ? ) 4. Someone ______ at the door. Can you open it?A. knocks B. knocked C. is knocking ?D. was knocking ?(2014 河北)
C
A

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( ? ) 5. —You’re in a hurry. Where are you going? —To the cinema. Sue ______ for me outside.A. waits ? B. waited C. is waiting D. was waiting ?(2014 江西)
C

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( ? ) 6. —What are you busy doing these days, Mr Zhao? —I ______ my newborn baby. You can’t imagine how busy I am!A. look after ? B. looked after C. am looking after (2014山西)7. Look! A dog _____ a blind man across the road.? A. leads B. lead ?C. is leading D. led?(2016云南昆明)
C
C

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8. — Lily, where is your father now? Go and get him for lunch.? ?— Just a moment, please. Father _____ a phone call in his room.? A. makes ?B. is making? C. was making?(2016四川成都) ( ) 9. Alice, please turn down the music. I ________ an important phone now.A. answer B. answeredC. have answered D. am answering (2016 湖北孝感)
B
D

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( ) 10. —May I speak to Mrs. Black? —Sorry, Mum can’t come to the phone now. She _______ a shower.A. has B. had C. is having D. was having(2016 江西)( ) 11. Please don’t make so much noise. The baby _______ now.A. sleeps B. slept C. will sleep D. is sleeping(2016 北京)
C
D

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( ) 12. Everyone wants to reach the top of the mountain, but all the happiness happens while you _______ it.A. climb B. climbedC. are climbing D. have climbed (2016 河南)( ) 13. —Pass the raincoat to me, please. It _______ hard now. —Here you are.A. is raining B. rained C. will rain(2016 福建福州)
C
A

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( ) 14. —Where are you going, Bob? —To go hiking. Eric _______ for me at the school gate!A. was waiting B. waitsC. waited D. is waiting (2016 湖北黄冈)( ) 15. —Anita, where is your brother? —He _______ out in the garden with a group of kids.A. plays B. playedC. is playing D. has played(2016 四川绵阳)
D
C

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考点一:一般过去时可表示过去发生的动作 或存在的状态,常与其连用的时间 状语有yesterday, the day before yesterday, a few minutes ago, last week, just now, in 1999等。考点二:一般过去时可表示过去的习惯或经 常发生的动作,句中常有often, usually等频度副词。(也可用“used to”或“would+动词原形”代替)。
3 一般过去时

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【中考链接】( ? ) 1. —Are you going anywhere? —I ______ about visiting my sister, but I have changed my mind.A. think ? B. have thought C. will think ? D. thought ? (2014河南)( ? ) 2. On May 22, a Han taxi driver ______ an old lady to the hospital as soon as he could in Xinjiang. A. sent B. sends C. is sending ?D. has sent ?(2014 陕西)
D
A

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( ? ) 3. After Steven sent some e-mails, he ______ surfing the Internet.A. starts B. has started C. will start ? D. started (2014 浙江杭州)( ? ) 4. —A nice tie! A present? —Yes, it is. My aunt ______ it to me for my last birthday.A. was sending B. had sent C. will send ? D. sent ?(2014 湖北武汉)
D
D

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( ? ) 5. —Your brother is an excellent basketball player. —So he is. He ______ to play basketball three years ago.A. has started B. starts ? C. started?(2014 湖南长沙)( ? ) 6. The teacher is already standing here. Do you know when she ______?A. comes B. came C. is coming ?D. was coming?(2014 河北)
C
B

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( ) 7. —Have you read this book? —Yes, I ________ it two weeks ago.A. is reading B. have readC. will read D. read(2016 新疆维吾尔自治区新疆生产建设兵团)
D

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( ) 8. —Oh, no! I can’t find my mobile phone! —Well, where ________ you last put it? A. have B. do C. did (2016 山东菏泽)( ) 9. —Have you ever climbed Mount Tai, Carol? —Yes, I ________ in Taian for a week last year and reached the top of it twice.A. had stayed B. stayC. stayed D. have stayed (2016 山东泰安)
C
C

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( ) 10. Last week Vivian ________ a dress for her mother with her first-month salary.A. buy B. boughtC. will buy D. would buy (2016 上海)( ) 11. —I have ever seen Alice in Wonderland II (《爱丽丝梦游仙境 II》). —When ______? —Two weeks ago.A. did you see it B. have you seen itC. do you see it D. will you see it (2016 辽宁丹东)
B
A

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考点一:一般将来时表示将来要发生的动作 或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时 间状语tomorrow,next time,in a few days,next Monday,in the future,in+时间段,soon等连用, 其结构为“will+动词原形”。考点二:“be going to+动词原形”表示将要发 生的动作或安排、打算,或有某种 迹象表明即将发生某事。
4 一般将来时

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考点三:现在进行时可表示计划或准备要做 的事。(这类动词有go, come, start, move, sail, leave等)考点四:一般现在时可表示按计划要发生的 事。如: The earliest train leaves at 6:00 a.m.考点五:there be句型的一般将来时结构为 “there will be +主语”或“there is / are going to be +主语”。

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【中考链接】( ) 1. —I heard your father had gone to Beijing on business. —Yes. And he _______ in three weeks.A. will return B. has returnedC. returned D. returns (2016 湖北十堰)( ) 2. Just go down this road and you _______ the library next to the bank.A. see B. saw C. have seen D. will see(2016 河北)
A
D

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( ) 3. We _______ have a picnic together with our teachers next Thursday.A. are going B. are going toC. will going D. may going to(2016 甘肃白银)( ) 4. Nobody knows if he _______. If he _______ here, I’ll call you at once.A. will come; will arriveB. will come; arrivesC. comes; will arrive D. comes; arrives(2016 新疆维吾尔自治区新疆生产建设兵团)
B
B

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( ) 5. Don’t worry. Bill will help you look after your dog when you _______ away on business.A. are B. wereC. will be D. have been(2016 重庆A卷)( ) 6. If we _______ take environmental problems seriously, the earth _______ worse and worse.A. don’t; won’t be B. won’t; isn’tC. won’t; is D. don’t; will be (2016 甘肃白银)
A
D

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( ) 6. —Have you watched the new movie Kung Fu Panda 3, Kelly? —Not yet. I _______ it with my classmate tonight.A. will watch B. was watchingC. have watched (2016 福建泉州)
A

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考点一:过去进行时表示过去某一时刻或某一 段时间正在进行的动作。常与其连用 的有at this time yesterday,at that time,then等时间状语或由when, while引导的时间状语从句。考点二:由when引导的时间状语从句,若主 句的动作正在进行,这时从句的动作 发生了,则主句用过去进行时,从句 用一般过去时。
5 过去进行时

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由while引导的时间状语从句,当从句的动作正在进行,这时主句的动作发生了,则从句用过去进行时,主句用一般过去时。若主从句的动作在过去同时进行,则主从句均用过去进行时。

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【中考链接】( ) 1. —I called you at 5:00 yesterday afternoon, but no one answered. —Sorry. I ______ football with my friends at that time.A. play B. playedC. will play D. was playing (2016 贵州安顺)
D

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( ) 2. —I called you yesterday evening. But nobody answered. —Oh, sorry. Maybe I ______ in the bathroom at that time.A. take a shower B. took a showerC. was taking a shower (2016 山东威海)( ) 3. —Where is your father? —I don’t know, but he ______ the car when I left just now.A. is washing B. washed C. was washing(2016 湖北恩施)
C
C

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( ) 4. I saw Sam and David in the playground yesterday afternoon. They ______ games with their classmates then.A. play B. will playC. are playing D. were playing (2016 安徽)
D

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考点一:现在完成时可表示过去发生或已经 完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结 果。常与already,just,yet,ever, never,before等连用。考点二:现在完成时可表示过去某一时间开 始并一直持续到现在的动作或状 态,也许还要持续下去,该用法常 适用于延续性动词。常与for+时间 段,since+时间点或since引导的时间 状语从句连用。
6 现在完成时

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考点三:一些短暂性动词转换成意义相近的 延续性动词,与表示一段时间的状语 连用。如: die → be dead fall asleep → be asleep? leave → be away buy → have borrow → keep? join → be a member / be in +组织考点四:have / has been to表示“曾经到过某 地,现在已经回来了”;have / has gone to表示“已经去某地了”。考点五:It has been / It’s+时间段+since ... 表 示“自从……已经(多长时间了)”。

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【中考链接】( ) 1. I _______ the History Museum twice. I’ve learned a lot there.A. visit B. am visitingC. have visited D. will visit (2016 重庆A卷)( ) 2. School violence (暴力) _______ much attention of the whole society and people are calling on the government to make laws against it as early as possible.A. drew B. will drawC. has drawn D. was drawing (2016 广东)
C
C

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( ) 3. Uncle Liang _______ in Haikou since 1980, so he knows a lot about the city.A. is living B. has lived C. lived (2016 海南)( ) 4. —The boy misses his parents very much. —So he does. They _______ the hometown for nearly two years.A. have left B. will leaveC. have been away from (2016 福建福州)
B
C

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( ) 5. —Look, the light is still on in Helen's office. —Maybe she _______ her work yet.A. doesn’t finish B. won’t finishC. hasn’t finished D. didn’t finish(2016 四川资阳)( ) 6. —How long _______ your brother _______ this camera? —For two weeks.A. have; bought B. have; hadC. has; had D. has; bought (2016 四川南充)
C
B

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( ) 7. —May I speak to Mr. Lee? —Sorry, He _______ Harbin. He ______ the city for two days.A. has been to; has been in B. has gone to; have been toC. has gone to; has been in (2016?黑龙江)
C

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