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2012高考模拟试题英语
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2012高考模拟试题

英 语

第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分55分)

第一节:语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

1. smooth

A. bathroom

B. cloth 

C. health

D. southern  

2. appeal

A. sneaker 

B. steak 

C. wealth

D. great 

3. salt 

A. chalk

B. calm

C. almost  

D. half

4. tongue 

A. comment 

B. government 

C. movement

D. motto

5. who

A. what

B. white

C. whole

D. why  

第二节  情景对话(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。

Crystal: Hi, I just had a very interesting experience.

Jimmy: What is it?

Crystal:   6  It is the first day of my one-week program.

Jimmy: That sounds like fun.

Crystal: Yes, it was fun… but tiring! Kids are so energetic.

Jimmy:    7 

Crystal: At the primary school down the street. I visited some of their classes in the morning, and then taught them some simple English in the afternoon.

Jimmy: English must be very difficult for them.

Crystal:    8  I was quite impressed.

Jimmy: What did you teach them?

Crystal: One teacher asked me to practice some sentences.   9 

Jimmy: That’s great. You know, when I was in primary school, we never had English lessons.

Crystal: How about in middle school?

Jimmy:    10   It wasn’t very practical.

Crystal: Well, but you’ve managed to learn English very well.

A. I spent the whole day with dozen of little children!

B. I helped my aunt look after her child at home.

C. Yes, they find t hard to learn.

D. Where did you meet all these kids?

E. We studied English, but only for tests.

F. Actually, they were very eager to learn.

G. We also played some English games together.

第三节  语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

11. Bob would have come to the airport to see us off, but he ___.

   A. is ill            B. has been ill        C. was ill        D. will he ill   

12. The old postman __ letters every day however bad the weather is.   

A. packs            B. carries            C. delivers        D. transports

13. It s unbelievable that so young a professor ___ make such great progress in the scientific field.

A. will       B. may                C. should        D. need

14. Taking regular exercise is a good habit, ___ my grandfather formed in his childhood.

   A. one          B. what            C. it                D. that

15. – Would you like to join us in    dancing party in our school tonight?

– I’m afraid not. I have __ appointment with my doctor.

A. a; the            B. the; the            C. a; an            D. the; an       

16. “Put that money somewhere safe ___ it gets stolen.” Mom reminded me.

   A. before        B. as                C. while            D. if   

17. John is the president of a big company. It is years of great efforts ___ make him what he is today.

A. that            B. which            C. why            D. how  

18. The car damaged in the accident can’t be used unless ___ completely.

A. is repaired        B. is being repaired    C. repaired        D. to be repaired

19. – I didn’t find the way to the station. k@s5u

   – ___ I told you about it in detail.

   A. How come?    B. So what?        C. No problem.    D. Who cares? 

20. I don’t think your sister has finished her French course, ___?

A. don’t I      B. do I                C. hasn’t she        D. has she  

21. – In order to catch up with others, I often stay up late to work.

   – You’d better not, or you will ___ sooner or later.  

   A. break in        B. break down        C. break out        D. break through

22. The ___ purpose of education is not to teach you to earn your bread, but to make every mouthful sweet.    

A. normal        B. constant            C. permanent    D. primary     

23. I would like to make friends with any person who is comfortable ___.  

A. to talk            B. to be talked        C. to talk to        D. to be talked to

24. – What about your new clothes?

   – They are a little expensive, but the cloth ____ well.       

       A. is washed        B. washes             C. is washing    D. has been washed

25. This is one of the means ___ the electricity energy is conducted from one place to another.

   A. by which        B. by that            C. what            D. which

第四节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出适合填入

对应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

After years of searching, the seeker was told to go to a cave, in which there was a well. “Ask the well what is 26 ”, he was advised. Having ­ 27 the well, the seeker asked the question. From the 28 came the answer: “Go to the village crossroad: there you shall find what you are 29 .”

The man ran to the crossroad, only to find three rather small 30 . One was selling pieces of metal, another sold wood, and thin wires were for sale in the third. 31 seemed to have much to do with the truth.

Disappointed, the seeker returned to the well to 32 an explanation, but he was told only: “You will 33 in the future.”

Angry about having been made fool of, the seeker 34 his wanderings in search of truth. As years went by, the 35 of his experience at the well 36 faded until one night, while he was walking in the moonlight, the sound of sitar (一种弦乐器) music 37 his heart. It was wonderful and it was played with great 38  .

Deeply moved, the truth seeker felt drawn towards the player. He looked at the fingers dancing over the strings. He became 39 of the sitar itself. And then 40 he let out a cry of joyful recognition: the sitar was made out of wires and pieces of metal and wood just like those he had 41 seen in the three stores and had thought them to be without any particular significance. k@s5u

At last he understood the 42 of the well: we’ve already been given everything we need: our 43 is to assemble (装配) and use it in the proper way. Nothing is meaningful so long as we 44 only separate parts. But as soon as the parts 45 , a new entity (实体) will form.

26. A. fame             B. life                 C. truth                D. success

27. A. filled         B. missed             C. dug                 D. found

28. A. height         B. depth             C. north             D. south

29. A. seeking         B. learning             C. losing            D. gaining

30. A. entrances      B. stations       C. shops             D. offices

31. A. Everything     B. Nothing            C. Anything            D. Something

32. A. demand         B. offer                C. make                D. write

33. A. improve        B. grow             C. understand         D. forget

34. A. treasured         B. ended             C. started             D. continued

35. A. description     B. memory             C. bravery             D. pleasure

36. A. gradually         B. immediately         C. quickly             D. unfortunately

37. A. fixed             B. affected             C. caught             D. broke

38. A. curiosity         B. surprise             C. difficulty         D. inspiration

39. A. proud         B. afraid             C. sick                 D. aware

40. A. peacefully     B. suddenly         C. regularly         D. carefully

41. A. once             B. always             C. never             D. also

42. A. goal             B. use                 C. message             D. imagination

43. A. advice         B. interest             C. dream             D. task

44. A. finish            B. consider            C. change            D. talk

45. A. come together    B. break down        C. dry up            D. take over

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分 40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

With more and more wineries (酿酒厂) offering organic varieties to lower their eco-footprint (生态足迹), it’s no surprise that they’re looking at the environmental impacts of their packaging as well. The making of conventional glass bottles and the corks (软木塞) uses large quantities of natural resources and causes a lot of pollution.

Beyond manufacturing, the transport of wine in glass bottles across the country and around the world also has its environmental effect. Trucking all the heavy glass bottles causes a much larger carbon footprint than the transportation of much lighter boxed wine. Almost half the weight of an ordinary case of wine comes from the bottles; about 95 percent of the weight of a case of boxed wine is the wine itself.

“A standard wine bottle holds 750 milliliters of wine and causes about 5.2 pounds of carbon dioxide when it travels from a farm in California to a store in New York,” reports Colman, a researcher. “A 3-liter box causes about half the carbon dioxide per 750 milliliters.”

According to the Wine Group, the third largest wine company in the world and a big advocate for switching away from glass bottles, there are other advantages to boxed wine (which typically includes a plastic bag within a cardboard box). The vacuum (真空的) packaging of boxed wine allows it to stay fresh for up to six weeks in the fridge once the seal is broken and the first glass has been poured.

Still, despite the benefits, boxed wine may still be a tough pill to swallow for many wine experts. “Even those traditionalists who are coming around to the idea that maybe screw caps (螺旋盖) are fine for some wines, would not like the idea of a cellar (酒窖) full of cardboard boxes,” says wine writer Lee Asbell. “It is difficult to imagine how wine service at fine-dining establishments would handle such a change.” For now, boxed wine is still the field of cheaper brands. But that could all change as more and more wine makers and drinkers take responsibility for saving the Earth.

46. Compared with glass bottled wine, boxed wine ____.

   A. wastes more natural resources        B. is difficult to transport

   C. causes less eco-footprint            D. takes up more space

47. What do we know about boxed wine from the passage?

   A. Corks are still needed to close it

  B. It’s not suitable for long-distance transport

   C. It must be kept in the fridge during the transport

   D. The special packaging makes it stay fresh longer once it’s opened

48. From the last paragraph, we can infer that ____.

   A. wine drinkers think boxed wine has a different taste

   B. a cellar isn’t a good place to store cardboard boxed wine

   C. boxed wine is more expensive than glass bottled wine

   D. many wine experts still find it hard to accept boxed wine

49. The author writes this passage to ____.

   A. call on people to drink less wine

   B. advise packaging wine with different materials

   C. advocate using boxes to store wine k@s5u

   D. introduce how to keep wine fresh after the bottle is opened

B

Elephants and people are in competition for space. In much of Africa, elephants are now put in national parks. Elephants suffered a serious and steady decrease in numbers in the 1970s. This was the same time when scientists were beginning to learn a great deal about elephants and their behavior. Studies through the 1980s and into the 1990s showed a lot about their sounds and methods of communication.

In Kenya alone, in the 1970s and 1980s, the elephant population decreased from 170,000 to 25,000. The sharp drop in numbers was the result of poachers (偷猎者) illegally killing elephants for their ivory. The price of ivory went from $3 a pound to $50 to $100 a pound. Africa became very attractive to poachers. Bull elephants carried the largest tusks (象牙), so they were more often killed. With males gone and older females killed by poachers as well, there were many young elephants unable to benefit from the wisdom of the older females and matriarchs, who lead the herds.

Kenya took a stand, international trade in ivory was officially forbidden, and $3,000,000 worth of confiscated (没收的) ivory was burned in Kenya. The following year, only 50 elephants were lost to poachers in Kenya instead of 3,000. But Kenya has the fastest growing human population in the world. People throughout Africa won’t tolerate elephants eating their crops and destroying their livelihoods.

In South Africa, elephants live behind the fences of national parks. In some parts of Africa, big-game hunters pay a lot of money to hunt elephants. This keeps their numbers down, and the money goes toward conservation. In Kenya, there were some attempts at birth control to keep the elephant population at manageable numbers to reduce conflicts with people.

Faced with a growing human population, elephants are losing the battle for space. It’s unlikely, though, that they will become extinct. They will live in natural parks that bring tourists to Africa as well as India and other parts of Asia. The money from tourism will help elephants to survive.

50. Bull elephants were at higher risk of being killed because ____.

   A. they were the leaders of the herds    B. they possessed bigger ivory

   C. they were of smaller size            D. they ran slowly

51. In the 1970s and 1980s, ____.

   A. scientists learned little about elephants

   B. most ivory was sold at a reasonable price

   C. many young elephants are gaining less wisdom

   D. the elephant population decreased because of the terrible climate

52. Some big-game hunters are still allowed to hunt elephants because ____.

   A. elephants are eating their crops k@s5u

   B. they are pursuing fun instead of profit

   C. the money they pay can be used to save elephants

   D. they are not hunting in national parks

53. We know from the passage that in Kenya ____.

   A. the human population is growing fast

   B. it’s likely that elephants will become extinct

   C. confiscated ivory will be kept in national parks

   D. no attempts were made to reduce elephants’ conflicts with people

C

Who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams (1860 – 1935)

Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She created shelters, education opportunities and services for people in need. In 1931, Addams became the first American woman to win the Noble Peace Price.

Rachel Carson (1907 – 1964)

Rachel Carson was born in the rural river town of Springdale, Pennsylvania in America. The popular 1962 book “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson made people realize the dangers and the harmful effects (影响) of pollution on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Angela Merkel (1954 – )

In 2005, Germans chose Angela Merkel as their first woman head of the country. She had been a scientist in the past. As Germany’s leader, she has had an effect on the whole world.

Sandra Day O’ Connor (1930 – )

When Sandra Day O’ Connor finished her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work because she was a woman. However, she became the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court (最高法院) in 1981 after years of hard work.

Margaret Thatcher (1925 – )

In 1979, Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman Prime Minister (首相). She served until 1990, which made her the first British leader to serve three terms in a row. Because of her high standards and strong will, people called her Britain’s Iron Lady.

Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)

Polish-born scientist Marie Curie discovered that some types of metal give off energy called radiation (辐射能). Her research led to new medical treatments and arms. She received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903 and in Chemistry in 1911.

54. Who once won the Nobel Price?

   A. Jane Addams and Marie Curie

   B. Jane Addams and Margaret Thatcher

   C. Marie Curie and Angela Merkel

   D. Marie Curie and Rachel Carson

55. We can infer from the text that Rachel Carson worked to ____.

   A. help the poor                        B. spread geographic knowledge

  C. protect the environment                D. protect the rights of women

56. What do Angela Merkel and Margaret Thatcher have in common?

   A. Both of them were scientists before coming to power.

   B. Both of them are the first woman head of their country.

   C. Both of them are famous for being strict.

   D. Both of them have worked for three terms.

57. Who once failed to find a job?

   A. Jane Addams.                        B. Sandra Day O’ Connor

   C. Rachel Carson                    D. Margaret Thatcher

D

Researchers believe the mobile phone system makes young people less thoughtful and more likely to make mistakes elsewhere in life.

Hitting a few keys and then seeing the desired word appear in full trains children to be fast but inaccurate when doing other things, according to Australian scientists.

They warn that this could have repercussions throughout the country, especially as more than 9 out of 10 16-year-olds now own a mobile phone as well as 40 percent of primary schoolchildren.

In a new study, Professor Michael Abramson, a researcher at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, analyzed the mobile phone use of children aged between 11 and 14 and their ability to carry out a number of computer tests.

A quarter of the children made more than 15 voice calls a week and a quarter of them wrote more than 20 text messages a week.

When researchers studied the way in which the children handled IQ-type tests they found that increased mobile phone use appears to change the way their brains work.

Prof Abramson said, “The kids who used their phones a lot were faster on some of the tests, but were less accurate.

“We suspect that using mobile phones a lot, particularly tools like predictive texts for SMS (Short Message Service), is training them to be fast but inaccurate.

“Their brains are still developing, so if there are effects then potentially it could have effects in the future.

“The use of mobile phones is changing the way children learn and pushing them to become more impulsive (易冲动的) in the way they behave.”

Experts concerned about the possible impact of mobile phone radiation on developing brains have given a warning over children’s use of them.

But Prof Abramson says the amount of radiation given off when texting is a mere 0.03 percent of that given off during voice calls – suggesting radiation is not to blame for the brain effects. Instead, he thinks predictive texting could be doing the damage.

The study was published in the journal Bioelectromagnetics and disagreed with previous studies which suggested that text messaging encourages children’s language skills and did not damage their ability to spell.

58. The underlined word “repercussions” probably means ____.

   A. negative effects    B. profits        C. chances        D. positive influences

59. Abramson probably agrees that ____.

   A. voice calls produce less radiation than texting

   B. text messaging is bad for children’s spelling

   C. mobile phone use encourages children’s language skills

   D. children can be more accurate if they use mobiles a lot

60. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

   A. Mobile phone use is training children to be fast

   B. Children use mobile phones much more than before

   C. The negative impacts of mobile phone radiation

   D. Text messaging is making children more impulsive

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从下框的A~F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有一项为多余选项。

A. Stay busy.

B. Wear what fits you.

C. You can possibly be attractive.

D. Great posture makes you attractive.

E. Helping others makes you attractive.

F. Attention to others makes you attractive.

61.

It is possible to be an attractive person when you are in a job interview or in a place where you just want to gain the respect of others. It’s not about how much money you make, and it’s not about your daddy is. What it is about is some simple things in your life. It just has a lot to do with being confident in who you are.

62.

Ask questions about others when you stay with them and listen to them patiently. Talking about yourself all the time shows that you pay no attention to others. Shifting attention from yourself to others makes you attractive. It indicates that you are humble (谦逊的). If you come across as a know-it-all (even if you really do know it all), it really pushes people feel that you care, you are humble and you can be trusted.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

63.

Have you ever seen a potentially very attractive person, but he has terrible posture (姿势)?It’s all ruined, isn’t it? Or perhaps you have seen someone who may be quite ugly but he has great posture and so suddenly he is really attractive? It’s true. Your posture says a lot about you – it says whether you have confidence, or simply if you really care. Talking physically, it is one of the most important physical characteristics you need.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

64.

Keeping doing things shows that you have power. You’re told to stay busy to ward off (防止,避免) depression and feelings of anxiety. But did you know you should also stay busy to be really attractive? It’s true. Always have something to do. Have you ever seen someone just sitting around, doing nothing? How unattractive! Always be busy with something, Even if for some reason you have to make something up.                                              

65.

Wear clothes that fit you. Too tight, people are distracted. Too loose, you just look sloppy (肥大而难看的). For women, wearing tight pants or shirts is not attractive. Slightly loose things are best, or other things that just fit you and your shape well but not tight. Men and women with taste and style really don’t know why some guys think their pants sagging down are somehow attractive. It just tells people you don’t really care. You are following the crowd. Wear things that fit you nicely.

第三部分  写作(共三节,满分55分)

第一节  单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对应单词的正确的完整形式,每空只写一词。

66. The assistant is very friendly to all the __ (顾客).

67. I like English best; what is your ____ (最喜欢) subject?

68. He dived into the water, leaving only his face __ (裸露)

69. A great celebration was held on his __ (五十岁) birthday.

70. If you knock into somebody, you should __ (道歉) to him.

71. Please speak as loud as you can to make yourself __ (明白).

72. I think you can sit on this newly bought chair very __ (舒服).

73. – This problem is not difficult. – But that one is even __ (容易).

74. When I came to the riverside, I found a boy ___ (挣扎) in the water.

75. The students in our school study very hard, ____ (尤其) those in our class.

第二节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一个横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。  

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

   2.只允许修改10处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。

Li Hua and I were neighboures and we went to same school. We always went to school together. We were good friend and had a great deal to share with every day. However, one day, Li Hua copied my homework, which made me such angry that I did not want to be friends with him any long. Then on Monday morning I ran downstairs without realize it was raining, but there was no time to return home to fetch an umbrella. It happens that Li Hua was just around the corner and be offered to share her umbrella with me. He made apology to me in a gently voce. I forgave him but gave him a hug.

第三节:书面表达(满分30分)

西安某旅行社招聘兼职英语导游。假如你是某中学学生李华,想在周末做兼职,在报纸上看到下面的招聘启事后,决定用英语写一封自荐信,内容包括:

1. 年龄:19;性别:男;

2. 英语流利;出生于西安,熟悉本地情况;乐于助人,容易与人相处。

Tourists Guides Wanted

Our travel agency is looking for two part-time tourist guides.

Requirements:

● over 18; be good at English; easygoing; be familiar with Xi’an

● show foreigners around some places of interest in Xi’an

● working time: weekends

If you are interested, please contact us by e-mail.

E-mail: tourguide@yahoo.com

  要求:

1. 词数:100左右;开头结尾已写好,但不计入总词数;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

高考资源网 Sir/Madam,

I read your advertisement in the newspaper…          

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

           Yours,

          Li Hua

2012高考模拟试题参考答案

选择题

1---5 DACBC    6--10 ADFGE    11-15 CCCAD     16-20 AACAD    

21-25 BDCBA    26-30CDBAC    31-35 BACDB    36-40 ACDDB  41-45 ACDBA 

46-50 CDDCB  51-55 CCAAC  56-60 BBABD  61-65 CFDAB   

单词拼写

66. customers    67. favorite        68. exposed    69. fiftieth        70. apologize 

71. understood    72. comfortable    73. easier    74. struggling    75. especially

短文改错

Li Hua and I were neighboures and we went to∧same school. We always went

      the

to school together. We were good friend and had a great deal to share with

     friends k@s5u

every day. However, one day, Li Hua copied my homework, which made me

such angry that I did not want to be friends with him any long. Then on

so       longer

Monday morning I ran downstairs without realize it was raining, but there was

      realizing

no time to return home to fetch an umbrella. It happens that Li Hua was just

     happened

around the corner and he offered to share her umbrella with me. He made

      his

apology to me in a gently voce. I forgave him but gave him a hug.

   gentle   and

书面表达参考范文k@s5u

Dear Sri/Madam,

I read your advertisement in the newspaper and I would like to apply for the position of tourist guide. k@s5u

I am a boy of 19 and I’m studying in a middle school in Xi’an. I can speak English fluently and have no difficulty communicating with foreigners. I’m familiar with Xi’an because I was born and grew up in Xi’an. I have visited almost all the places of interest in Xi’an. Besides, I am easygoing and love making friends. I’m always ready to do whatever I can to help others.

I would welcome the opportunity to meet with you to further discuss my qualifications and your needs. Thank you for your time and consideration.

Yours,

         Li Hua       

      

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