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2011年全国各地高考英语试题-上海卷
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2011年全国普通高等学校招生统一考试
上海 英语试卷
第I卷 (105分)
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A
Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
A. At a train station. B. At an airport.
C. At a travel agency. D. At a bus station.
A. $5. B. $10.
C. $15. D. $50.
A. Receptionist and guest. B. Salesperson and customer.
C. Doctor and patient. D. Waiter and diner.
A. Excited. B. Dissatisfied.
C. Bored. D. Exhausted.
A. Her hair has changed. B. She isn’t satisfied with her hair style.
C. She prefers to wear long hair. D. The man has changed his hair style.
A. It is too early to watch the Talent Show. B. He will go to bed in five minutes.
C. He would rather watch TV than go to bed. D. He is old enough to stay up.
A. She has got everything ready. B. She never hesitates over what to take.
C. She hates packing by herself. D. She needs more time for packing.
A. They should wait for John for a while. B. They should stay here for the night.
C. They should start the meeting right away. D. They should call John at once.
A. She is unwilling to move into a new flat. B. Her neighbors get along well with her.
C. She can’t tell the man why she is moving. D. Her neighbors usually play their TV loud.
A. Ask for directions. B. Try a different route.
C. Go back for the map. D. Cancel their trip.
Section B
Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked to questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the blest answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
A. A political system. B. Religion.
C. Working language. D. Race.
A. Discuss current issues. B. Join in a writing competition.
C. Attend an arts and crafts competition. D. Celebrate their friendship.
A. The Commonwealth Games. B. An important holiday.
C. The Commonwealth members. D. An international association.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news.
A. Equipping students with knowledge. B. Qualifying students for certain jobs.
C. Developing students’ habits of mind. D. Helping students to go to graduate school.
A. The ability to have critical analysis. B. Creative use of leisure time.
C. Logical use of information. D. Willingness to accept uncertainty.
A. Goals to reach in a college education. B. Roles of knowledge in students’ growth.
C. Qualifications needed for a job. D. Importance of after-class activities.
Section C
Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Complaint Form

Caller: Mary White
Phone No.: 17 .
Location of Problem: A 18 restaurant , 449 Shanghai Street
Details: It dumps its 19 on the street.
It doesn’t put bottles and cans in 20 bins.

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
How long does short memory last?
It lasts only 21 .

What is an example of medium term memory?
Buying bread, a sort of 22 of things to do.

What is long term memory concerned with?
 23 that happen in your life such as your wedding.

How is long term memory different from the others?
It 24 .


II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
Graduation is a good time to thank those who have helped you ______ the tough years.
A. through B. up C. with D. from
To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered ______.
A. the other B. other C. the others D. another
It’s no use ______ without taking action.
A. complain B. complaining C. being complained D. to be complained
I ______ worry about my weekend—I always have my plans ready before it comes.
A. can’t B. mustn’t C. daren’t D. needn’t
When Mom looked back on the early days of their marriage, she wondered how they had managed with ______ money.
A. so few B. such few C. so little D. such little
It doesn’t matter if they want to come to your party, ______?
A. doesn’t it B. does it C. don’t they D. do they
After getting lost in a storm, a member of the navy team ______ four days later.
A. rescued B. was rescued C. has rescued D. had been rescued
The rare fish, ______ from the cooking pot, has been returned to the sea.
A. saved B. saving C. to be saved D. having saved
At one point I made up my mind to talk to Uncle Sam. Then I changed my mind, ______ that he could do nothing to help.
A. to realize B. realized C. realizing D. being realized
Did you predict that many students ______ up for the dance competition?
A. would sign B. signed C. have signed D. had signed
There is clear evidence ______ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain.
A. what B. if C. how D. that
If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait ______ it comes out on DVD.
A. whether B. after C. though D. until
The police officers in our city work hard ______ the rest of us can live a safe life.
A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if
The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of ______ others actually understand.
A. why B. that C. which D. what
You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ______ you can hire to reach your host family.
A. which B. where C. when D. as
Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing… but we seem ______ the art of communicating face-to-face.
A. losing B. to be losing C. to be lost D. having lost
?
Section B
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. launched B. unpleasant C. applying D. technically E. impact
F. coating G. fixed H. miraculously I. superior J. advances

How would you like to wear the same underwear (内衣裤) for weeks? Owing to the work that has gone into developing intelligent materials, this may not be as 41 as it sounds. Self-cleaning clothes have now been created, and these new materials provide 42 resistance to dirt as well as water. As a result, they require much less cleaning than traditional materials.
The creation of self-cleaning clothes provides an example of how nature helps scientists develop better products. This self-cleaning nature is known as the “lotus effect”. The name comes, of course, from the lotus leaves, which are famous for growing in muddy lakes and rivers while remaining almost 43
clean. By observing nature, scientists are 44 the qualities of the lotus leaves to the materials they have engineered. Because of this, some remarkable new products have been 45 . Among them are special windows that are resistant to dirt and water. A special 46 on these windows not only prevents dirt from sticking to their surfaces, but also allows dust to be easily washed off by the rain. In fact, these new windows have already been 47 to some cars. Even when traveling at high speed through rain, these cars never have to use their windshield wipers (雨刮器).
Although we have already seen some practical applications, even more dramatic 48 will be made in the future, and they will, perhaps, change our world completely. Undoubtedly, technology is an important development, and it will have an even bigger 49 on our lives.

III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
Everyone in business has been told that success is all about attracting and retaining (留住) customers. It sounds simple and achievable. But, 50 , words of wisdom are soon forgotten. Once companies have attracted customers they often 51 the second half of the story. In the excitement of beating off the competition, negotiating prices, securing orders, and delivering the product, managers tend to become carried away. They forget what they regard as the boring side of business— 52 that the customer remains a customer.
53 to concentrate on retaining as well as attracting customers costs business huge amounts of money annually. It has been estimated that the average company loses between 10 and 30 per cent of its customers every years. In constantly changing 54 , this is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that few companies have an
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