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2011年全国各地高考英语试题-湖南卷
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2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)
英语试题
Part Ⅱ Language Knowledge(45 marks)
Section A (15 marks)
Directions:for each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.
Example:
The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket _______ the desert.
A. covering B. covered C. cover D. to cover
The answer is A.
21. The ability _______ an idea is as important as the idea itself.
A. expressing B. expressed C. to express D. to be expressed
22. -----Joan, what _______ in your hand?
-----Look! It’s a birthday gift for my grandma.
A. had you held B. are you holding
C. do you hold D. will you hold
23. The players _______ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game.
A. selecting B. to select C. selected D. having selected
24. I knew that would over discourage him; he would never give up wanting to be a director.
A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing
25. Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of _______ she spoke fluently.
A. who B. whom C. which D. that
26. One-third of the country _______ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens _______ black people.
A. is; are B. is; is C. are; are D. are; is
27. In 1492, Columbus _______ on one of the Bahama Islands, but the mistook is for an island off India.
A. lands B. landed C. has landed D. had landed
28. -----No one _______ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball.
-----Oh, you are really his big fan.
A. can B. need C. must D. might
29. Do you wake up every morning _______ energetic and ready to start a new day?
A. feel B. to feel C. feeling D. felt
30. It is most instructive lecture that I _______ since I came to this school.
A. attended B. had attended C. am attending D. have attended
31. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious _______ the problem itself is.
A. what B. that C. which D. why
32. Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______ a decision.
A. they reached B. did they reach C. they reach D. do they reach
33. Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______ he had done something very clever.
A. as if B. in case C. while D. though
34. In the near future, more advances in the robot technology _______ by science.
A. are making B. are made C. will make D. will be made
35. It’s not what we do once in a while _______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently.
A. which B. that C. how D. when

Section B (18 marks)
Directions:For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked
A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the words or phrases that best fits the context.
People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “ hello. ” After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to 36 the way I was doing things.
My 37 came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who 38 her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to 39 because I stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one had stopped to 40 her.
“OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.”
My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man 41 by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 42 . It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every 43 from my new friend had a tone (语气) of doubt in it. And who could blame him?
People aren’t used to making an 44 chat with a stranger. But a change, no matter how 45 it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I 46 you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come 47 as a whole.
36. A. change B. explain C. learn D. show
37. A. trouble B. doubt C. wish D. opportunity
38. A. took B. dropped C. got D.pulled
39. A. come out B. stand by C. go back D. turn up
40. A. please B. greet C. help D. praise
41. A. sitting B. walking C. riding D. running
42. A. discussing B. lesson C. report D. conversation
43. A. joke B. response C. cry D. story
44. A. unchangeable B. unprepared C. unforgettable D. unfinished
45. A. desperately B. frequently C. simply D. widely
46. A. allow B. warm C. order D. advise
47. A. later B. straighter C. closer D. slower

Section C (12marks)
Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each black with one word that best fits the context.
Dose going to college really 48 English class in college on the short story. Our first assignment was to read 49 short stories and then discuss which one was better. After reading both, I wasn’t sure. Over the 50 several months, my professor taught me 51 one story was so much better than the other. 52 was rich in metaphor(隐喻)and character development, while the other was humorous 53 too shallow. I couldn’t see this at first. Yet, in a few months, my brain got reeducated and 54could see the difference between good and bad writing and could appreciate literature at a whole new level.
Going to college helps build a strong mind, which leads 55 greater success in one’s life.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (30marks)
Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements .For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C, and D .Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage.

A
When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串)hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less.
Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack.
The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly charming.
Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customer especially those experienced in the delights of Middle Eastern cooking.
A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, watching news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as Persian chai, an reading local Persian newspapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled wit food.
The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordably but practical as well.
The food, especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill(烤肉架).
The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different style of grilled meat.
One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grille chicken pieces served with either rice or bread. Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, kabob consisting of grilled beef.
Although the restaurant is small, the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a plan that should not be overlooked.
56. When first entering the restaurant ,one can find that it
A. is splendidly decorated.
B. has pleasant smells of kabobs.
C. is crowded with dining table.
D. looks like a common restaurant.
57. What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant?
A. Watching news events on TV.
B. Drinking a kind of black coffee.
C. Reading local English newspaper.
D. Discussing world topics in low voices.
58. The food of the restaurant
A. is served in small amounts.
B. is rather expensive.
C. is rich in variety.
D. is very healthy
59.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of ?
A. Rice B. Chicken C. Bread D. Beef
60. It can be inferred from the passage that restaurant 。
A. occupies
B. owns a favorable location
C. is popular for its special food
D. has a quiet environment inside

B
My father was chief engineer of a merchant ship, which was sunk in world warⅡ. The book night of the U-boats told the story。
Memories
In September ,1940,my mother ,sister and I went to Swansea ,where my father ‘s ship was getting ready to sail ,we brought him a family photography to be kept with him at all times and keep him safe .
Then I remember my mother lying face down ,sobbing .she had heard from a friend that the ship had been sunk by a torpedo (鱼雷).
I can remember the arrived of the telegram(电报),which in those days always brought bad news. My grandmother opened it. It read, “safe. Love Ted.”
My most vivid memory is being woken and brought down to sit on my father’s knee, his arm in a bandage.
He was judged un
…………………………
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