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安徽省肥东县高级中学2019届高三上学期8月调研考试英语试卷(有答案)
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肥东县高级中学2019届高三上学期8月调研考试
英 语 试 题
考试时间120分钟,满分150分
第I卷(选择题 100分)
第一部分 听力(共20题,每小题1.5分,共30分) 第一节 (共5小题,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
第二节 (共15小题,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6至8题。


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
“We haven’t found anything that we can’t recycle!”
Cigarette ends are everywhere—littering our streets and beaches—and for decades they’ve been thought of as “unrecyclable”. But a New Jersey based company, called TerraCycle, has taken on the challenge, and has come up with a way to recycle millions of cigarette ends and turn them into industrial plastic products. Its aim is to recycle things that people normally consider impossible to reuse.
Obviously it would be even better for the environment if everyone just stopped smoking, but the statistics show that although there has been an increase in anti-smoking ads and messaging, between 2000 and 2014, global sales of cigarettes increased by 8 percent, and a whole lot of those cigarette ends are ending up as trash. Since most of our litter eventually ends up in waterways, cigarette ends can surely pollute the surrounding environment. “It only takes a single cigarette end to pollute a liter of water,” TerraCycle founder, Tom Szaky, said. “Animals can also mistake littered cigarette ends for food.”
So how do you go about turning all those poisonous ends into something useful? TerraCycle does this by first breaking them down into separate parts. They mix the remaining materials, such as the tobacco and the paper, with other kinds of rubbish, and use it on non-agricultural land, such as golf courses. The filters (过滤嘴) are a little harder. To recycle these, TerraCycle first makes them clean and cuts them into small pieces, and then combines them with other recycled materials, making them into liquid for industrial plastic products.
They’re now also expanding their recycling offerings to the rest of the 80 percent of household waste that currently can’t be recycled, such as chocolate packaging, pens, and mobile phones. The goal is to use the latest research to find a way to stop so much waste ending up in landfill (垃圾填埋), and then get companies to provide money for the process. And so far, it’s working.
“We haven’t found anything that we can’t recycle,” communications director of TerraCycle, Albe Zakes, said. “But with the amount and variety of packaging and litter in the world, we are always looking for new waste streams to address.”
21.What does TerraCycle intend to do?
A. Search for recyclable materials for use.
B. Deal with as many cigarette ends as possible.
C. Produce new kinds of industrial plastic products.
D. Recycle what used to be considered unrecyclable.
22.The underlined word “trash” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.
A. rubbish B. poison C. disaster D. ruin
23.What does Paragraph 3 mainly talk about?
A. The effective use of cigarette ends.
B. The process of recycling cigarette ends.
C. The difficulty in recycling cigarette ends.
D. The reason for breaking down cigarette ends.
24.What Albe said in the last paragraph implies that ______.
A. there is more and more waste to be recycled
B. it is difficult for TerraCycle to recycle everything
C. TerraCycle is trying to meet the challenge of new waste
D. TerraCycle has successfully recycled a large amount of waste
B
Here are some of the best museums in America that parents can choose from for an educational trip.
Boston Children’s Museum
Location: Massachusetts
The exhibits here are of health, art, science, culture and environmental awareness. In this museum, children also learn about Japanese culture and house of silk merchant. Activities like Play Lab, New Balance Climb and The Recycle Shop bring out the creativity in children.
Children’s Museum of Houston
Termed as the best playground for mind, this museum offers scores of activities for kids of every age. It even offers free family adventure events where families with their toddlers or kids are encouraged to work on math activities and games. Children also learn about broadcasting activities and preserving ecosystems.
Minnesota Children’s Museum
Location: Minnesota
This museum is located at St. Paul’s and kids find themselves immersed in a world of smart play. Here activities like exploring natural habitats of animals are undertaken. Kids also paint their faces, play with finger puppets and at the same time, appreciate learning forms.
These museums have surely taken us down to the memory lane where we once went and explored, laughed and enjoyed our trip. These creative institutions are a best way to instill learning ideas, crate experiences and develop little curious minds. Active learning takes place when the minds are engaged. These children centered institutions rightly cater to the needs of the young ones.
25.Where is Boston Children’s Museum located?
A. In Texas B. In Alaska
C. In Massachusetts D. In Minnesota
26.Where should you to go let your kids explore natural habitats of animals?
A. Boston Children’s Museum
B. Minnesota Children’s Museum
C. Museum for American Children
D. Children’s Museum of Houston
27.Who is the text mainly written for?
A. School children
B. Sports lovers
C. School teachers
D. Parents with small kids
C
While beach vacations may be a great way to take your mind off work,lakes surrounded by mountains make for an even grander experience.If you are looking for some peace on your vacation,we have some recommendations for you in the Caucasus(高加索).
Lake Sevan
Lake Sevan is situated in the central part of Armenia,in the Gegharkunik province.It is the largest lake in Armenia,located 6,200ft above sea level.Along the lake shore,there are various accommodations such as resorts and hotels with plenty of activities to partake in such as windsurfing,swimming and sunbathing.While there,do not forget to visit one of the famous cultural monuments,the Sevanavank Monastery,and it offers a great view of the lake as well.
Lake Paravani
Lake Paravani,located at 6,801ft above sea level,is in the south of Georgia,near the Javakheti plateau.At this level,altitude sickness can occur and it is a good idea to be prepared to adapt to it properly,or bring medication for altitude sickness.Being a volcanic lake makes for a more interesting experience.The lake is best known for fishing.Do not come home during the winter months when the lake freezes.
Lake Cildir
Lake Cildir is located in the Ardahan province,East Turkey,near the borders of Georgia and Armenia.It is the second largest freshwater lake of Eastern Turkey,and many tourists are not aware of this beautiful attraction.Lake Cildir is surrounded by mountains of the Caucasus.The lake freezes during late November.If the winter is not extremely cold,you can try some lake activities like ice skating and ice fishing.
Lake Van
Lake Van is the must visit of all lakes in this list.The largest lake in Turkey,Lake Van is located on the eastern shore of Turkey and is also the most accessible lake here.It’s situated at 5,380ft above sea level,and unique to lakes around the world,the water is high in salt content.
28.If you want to visit some historic sites during your travel by a lake,you can go to_______?.
A. Lake Cildir B. Lake Parvani
C. Lake Sevan D. Lake Van
29.What is special about Lake Van?
A. Its water is high in salt. B. It is a volcanic lake.
C. It is globally the largest lake. D. It is surrounded by mountains.
30.What challenge are travelers most likely to face while visiting Lake Paravani?
A. Lack of medicine. B. Volcano eruptions.
C. Altitude sickness. D. Low temperature all the year.
31.Which destinations would be attractive to a fishing lover?
A. Lake Sevan and Lake Paravani. B. Lake Pravani and Lake Cildir.
C. Lake Cildir and Lake Van. D. Lake Sevan and Lake Van.
D
Against the assumption that forest fires in Alaska, Canada and Siberia warm the climate, scientists have discovered that cooling may occur in areas where burnt trees allow more snow to mirror more sunlight into space.
This finding suggests that taking steps to prevent northern forest fires to limit the release of greenhouse gases may warm the climate in northern regions. Usually large fires destroyed forests in these areas over the past decade. Scientists predict that with climate warming, fires may occur more frequently over next several centuries as a result of a longer fire season. Sunlight taken in by the earth tends to cause warming, while heat mirrored back into space tends to cause cooling.
This is the first study to analyze all aspects of how northern fires influence climate. Earlier studies by other scientists have suggested that fire in northern regions speed up climate warming because greenhouse gases from burning trees and plants are released into the atmosphere and thus trap heat.
Scientists found that right after the fire, large amounts of greenhouse gases entered the atmosphere and caused warming. Ozone(臭氧)levels increased, and ash from the fire fell on far-off sea ice, darkening the surface and causing more radiation from the sun to be taken in. The following spring, however, the land within the area of the fire was brighter than before the fire, because fewer trees covered the ground. Snow on the ground mirrored more sunlight back into space, leading to cooling.
“We need to find out all possible ways to reduce the growth of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.” Scientists tracked the change in amount of radiation entering and leaving the climate system as
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