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2018年无锡市初中毕业升学考试英语试题(七)有答案
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2018年无锡市初中毕业升学考试英语试题(七)
第Ⅰ卷 客观题
一.单项选择在A、B、C、D四个选项中。选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.I don't make ________ clear when and where the parents' meeting will he held.
A.this
B.that
C.those
D.it
2.— Do you have any plans for the winter holiday?
— Since you are crazy about music, why not go to some ________ concerts?
A.lively
B.live
C.alive
D.living
3.The cost of living in Chengdu is among the lowest in China, ________ the quality of life is probably one of the highest.
A.while
B.when
C.as
D.since
4.— What do you think of the young lady?
— She is hard-working. She ________ all her effort into her work before she got ill.
A.has put
B.put
C.had put
D.would put
5. ________ Mary ________ Jack is listening to the report carefully, because they are both interested in it very much.
A.Neither; nor
B.Either; or
C.Both; and
D.Not only; but also
6. — I'm new in Wuxi.
— Take a map of Wuxi with you.You'll find it of great ________ in helping you to get round Wuxi.
A.price
B.cost
C.interest
D.importance
7.Boris has brains. In fact, I don't think that anyone in the class has ________ IQ.
A.a high
B.a higher
C.the higher
D.the highest
( )8.Having ________ exercise every day will do great good to your health.
A.a lot
B.a number of
C.too much
D.plenty of
( )9.Look at the sign! It says "No smoking!" You ________ smoke here.It's dangerous.
A.mustn't
B.ought not to
C.needn't
D.don't have to
( )10.He made a mistake, but then he took action to change the situation ________ it got worse.
A.until
B.when
C.before
D.because
( )11.The radio says that a terrible traffic accident happened sometime ________ 8 ________ 10 this morning.
A.between; and
B.from to
C.between to
D.from; and
( )12.You had better ________ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic.
A.spend
B.take
C.spare
D.give
( ) 13.— Can you imagine ________ if we have robots at home in the coming future?
— Well, it's hard to say, probably great, or maybe not.
A.what will everyday life be like
B.what everyday life will be like
C.what will everyday life like
D.what everyday life will like
( )14.— How was your interview with the boss?
________.He seemed interested in my experience, but he didn't ask for my recommendation letter.
A.Perfect
B.I'm not sure
C.That's right
D.Couldn't be better
二.完形填空先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Workers aren't allowed to go into a big underground computer center until they step up to a machine that takes a quick picture of the tiny blood vessels (血管) inside their eyes.
If the machine can't ____15____ the picture with images in its computer, the worker is stopped by security guards (保安员).
Each person has his own way of blood vessels in his or her ____16____.And unlike a key, the way can't be ____17____.Old-fashioned keys and locks may soon be things of the past.High-tech security devices (安全装置) are being fixed at military (军事的) bases, computer centers and banks.Companies that ____18____ the machines say they'll someday be used in people's homes and cars.
Already, a Japanese company has fixed ways that recognize (识别) people's fingerprints in 360 new homes.The machines open the doors only for the ____19____ of the houses.The new security ways are selling well because thieves and robbers are getting better at breaking into buildings and computers that are ____20____ by keys and locks.Since nobody can steal or copy a fingerprint, or one's eyes, the new machines are ____21____.
Other new machines recognize one's voice.Two American companies use ____22____ machines to keep an eye on their computers.Inexpensive voice-recognition machines may someday take the place of locks on cars.The doors would open only for the owners.The machines would ____23____ the owners as little as $270.Although the up-to-date machines are amazing, scientists must still solve a serious problem.How will a boy borrow his dad's car
without borrowing his dad's ____24____?
( )15.A.match B.fit C.compare D.share
( )16.A.face B.eyes C.voice D.fingerprints
( )17.A.borrowed B.missed C.stolen D.bought
( )18.A.make B.buy C.have D.copy
( )19.A.makers B.buyers C.sellers D.owners
( )20.A.connected B.collected C.prevented D.protected
( )21.A.safe B.unusual C.helpful D.useful
( )22.A.fingerprints B.voice-recognition C.locks D.eye-recognition
( )23.A.pay B.spend C.take D.cost
( )24.A.face B.voice C.fingers D.photo
三.阅读理解阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
If you travel by air across the center of Africa or South America, you fly over forests for thousands of kilometres.These great forests are the seas of trees.They are full of thousands and thousands of different kinds of plants and animals.However, the world's forests are getting smaller all the time.We are cutting down the trees because we need wood, and we need more farmland as well.Some people say that there will not be any forests like these left in 20 to 30 years.What will happen if they disappear? If we cut down our forests, a lot of plants and animals will disappear from the world, in a lot of places the new farmland will soon look like the old deserts, for example, crops will not grow there.What's worse, it will not rain very often, and the weather will get very hot.Perhaps the climate of the world will change, which will be dangerous for everyone in the world.That is why we must take care of our forests.
( )25.Which of the following has the closest meaning to the underlined word "deserts" in this passage?
A.Farmland.
B.Sands.
C.Green fields.
D.Villages.
( )26.The passage mainly tells us about ________.
A.the importance of taking care of our forests
B.why a lot of animals disappear
C.where the forests are
D.the reasons for forming the deserts
( )27.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.Only Africa and South America are the oceans of trees.
B.Different plants can't be found in the same forest.
C.Forests are usually several square kilometres large.
D.Forests are homes to different kinds of animals.
B
Mr Jones, the owner of a farm, was one day driven out of the farm by all the animals he kept.The animals were excited to be masters of their farm.Animals made seven rules of their own and Snowball painted them on the wall.
1.Whatever walks on two legs is an enemy;
2.Whatever walks on four legs, or has wings, is a friend;
3.No animal shall wear clothes;
4.No animal shall sleep in bed;
5.No animal shall drink alcohol(酒);
6.No animal shall kill any other animal;
7.All animals are equal.
They were nicely written, except that "friend" was written "friend".Snowball read them out, and all the animals agreed.
"Now, let's go to the field.Let's get in the harvest more quickly than Jones and his men could do."
But at this moment the three cows, who had seemed uneasy for some time, shouted because they hadn't been milked for 24 hours.Then the pigs began to help milk the cows successfully.Soon there were five buckets (桶) of creamy milk at which many animals
looked with great interest."What's going to happen to all the milk?" asked one animal."Jones used to mix some of it in our food," said one of the hens."Never mind the milk," cried Napoleon, standing in front of the buckets, "the harvest is more important.Mr Snowball will lead the way, and I'll follow in a few minutes."
So the animals ran down to the field to begin the harvest, and when they came back in the evening, it was noticed that the milk had disappeared.
( )28.When does the story happen?
A.In spring.
B.In summer.
C.In autumn.
D.In winter.
( )29.Who is considered as the animals' enemy?
A.The human being.
B.Snowball.
C.The cows.
D.Napoleon.
( )30.In which order did the story happen?
a.Animals made seven rules.
b.They went to the field to have a harvest.
c.The pigs milked three cows.
d.Mr Jones was driven away.
e.The milk in the buckets was gone.
A.c—b—e—d—a
B.d—a—c—b—e
C.a—b—d—e—c
D.b—e—a—c—d
C
One of the most widely accepted assumptions (假设) in our culture is that if you exercise, you will lose weight.I exercise all the time, but I still have got fat.Why does this happen?
More than 45 million Americans now belong to a health club, up from 23 million in 1993.We spend some $19 billion a year on sports.Of course, some people join the health club but never go.Still, as one main study—the Minnesota Heart Survey—found, more of us at least say we exercise regularly.
However, the number of fat people has risen greatly: a third of Americans are fat, and another third count as overweight.Yes, it's highly possible that those of us who regularly go to the sports center would weigh even more if we exercised less.But like many other people, I get hungry after I exercise, so I often eat more on the days I exercise than on the days I don't.Could exercise actually be keeping me from losing weight?
People believe that "exercise is important for weight control" is actually rather new.Doctors used to advise not to exercise too much, particularly for older adults who might hurt themselves.Today doctors encourage even their oldest patients to exercise because people who regularly exercise are at a lower risk for most illnesses, especially heart problems.They less often develop cancer and many other illnesses, but the role of exercise in weight loss has been completely overestimated (评估过高).
"In general, for weight loss, exercise is pretty useless," says an exercise researcher.
( )31.From the passage we can learn that
A.more tha
…………………………
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