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广东省深圳市2018年中考英语试题(有答案)(word版)
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深圳市2018年初中毕业生学业考试 英语试卷
第一部分选择题(60分)
词汇测试(15分)
从下面每小题的A、B、C三个选项中选出可以替换划线部分的最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将相应的字母编号涂黑。(共8小题,每小题1分)
( )1. --- More than 400 street gardens will be built in Shenzhen next year.
―Good news! Our city is becoming more and more beautiful.
A. Over B. Around C. Nearly
【解析】A
over,意为“太,过于”;B选项around意为“大约”;C选项nearly意为“几乎,差 不多"。
【考点】同义词转换
^
more than

短语
意思
近义词/短语

more than
超出、多于
over



( )2.--- Tim, you spend too much time on computers. It’s harmful to your eyes.
―I see. Thank you. I'll do more sports instead.
A. is good for B. is bad for C. is useful to
【解析】B
A选项,be good for意为"对…有好处”;B选项be bad for意为“对什么有坏处”;C选 项be useful to意为“对…有用”。
【考点】同义短语转换

短语
意思
近义词/短语

be harmful to
对...有害
be bad for



( )3. --- Hi, John! Would you like to go hiking with me tomorrow?
―Sounds great! It’s a good way to keep fit.
A. lively B. active C. healthy
【解析】C
A选项,lively意为"活泼的,令人兴奋的”;B选项active意为“活跃的”;C选项healthy
意为“健康的”。
【考点】同义词转换
fit
They keep fit by doing sports, (adj.健康的)=healthy
( )4.--- Mr. Li, I feel a little nervous before the coming exam.
—You'd better take a break from studies and relax yourself.
A. rest B. breath C. walk
【解析】A
A选项,rest意为"休息”;B选项breath意为"呼吸";C选项walk意为"散步' 【考点】同义词转换
break
So they took a break, (n.休息)=rest

( )5. ---1 dream to be a great dancer when I grow up.
―That’s great. But it requires confidence and a lot of practice.
A. gets B. has C. needs
【解析】C
A选项,get意为"获得”;B选项has意为“有”;C选项need意为“需要”。
【考点】同义词转换
require
She is requested to hand in her homework today, (v.要求)=require/need
( )6. --- Excuse me, could you please tell me how to get to the Concert Hall?
Sure. Go down the street, and you’ll find it dose to the Book City.
A. behind B. opposite C. near
【解析】C
A选项,behind意为"在...后面”;B选项opposite意为“在…对面";C选项near意为 “在...附近”。
【考点】同义词转换 close to
close to / near / beside 靠近、在……旁
( ) 7. --- Tony, have you got any plan for the summer vacation?
—Not yet. Perhaps I’ll go back to my hometown with my family.
A. Maybe B. Actually C. Generally
【解析】A
A选项,maybe意为"也许,大概”;B选项actually意为“实际上”;C选项generally 意为“普遍地,广泛地'
【考点】同义词转换




单词
词性及意思
近义词/短语

perhaps
adv.可能
probably; possibly; maybe



( )8.--- Our English club will put on a famous play during the school art week.
…Really? I can’t wait to watch it.
A. work on B. act out C. make up
【解析】B
A选项,work on意为"对...起作用,企图影响,说服”;B选项act out意为"表演”;C 选项make up意为“化妆"。
【考点】同义短语转换
put on
The band is hoping to put on a show.(上;寅)
Let’s act out the story of the three bears once more.(上演、演出来)
ii.根据句子意思,从下面每小題的A、B、C三个选项中选出最怡当的词语完成句子, 并在答题卡上将相应的字母编号涂黑。(共7小题,每小题1分)
( ) 9. --- Simon always reads for half an hour before bedtime every day.
—That’s good . Reading makes a full man.
A. dream B. wish C. habit
【解析】C
A选项,dream意为"梦想”;B选项wish意为■■愿望”;C选项habit意为 习惯”。 【考点】词义辨析
单词
词性及意思
近义词/短语

habit
n.习惯
/

habit

( )10. -— Do you still remember our primary school teacher, Mrs. Liu?
—Yes, she always encouraged us and gave us support we met
difficulties.
A. whenever B. whatever C. however
根据句意A选项,whenever意为"每当,无论何时”,她总会鼓励我们并给子我们支持; B选项whatever意为■?无论什么”;C选项however意为“无论怎样”。
【考点】词义辨析

Whenever
【解析】A
宾语从句引导词:whatever (无论是什么);whenever (无论何时);wherever (无论在 哪);whoever (无论是谁):however (无论怎样)
( >11. — I’m looking forward to the final of the 2018 World Cup.
—Me too. I hope the German team will be the .It’s my favorite.
A. player B. winner C. loser
【解析】B
根据句意B选项,winner意为"胜者”,语境分析得知德国队是"我”的最爱;A选项 player意为“运动员”;C选项loser意为?'失败者"。
【考点】词义辨析

动词一名词转换表

V.
n.

win
winner (嬴家)

 y


)12. -— The piano lessons are too hard for me. I nearly give up. 一Please be more . I believe you’ll make it.
careful B. helpful C. patient
【解析】C
根据句意C选项,patient意为"有耐心的",语境分析得知对方在鼓励钢琴恐惧症的朋 友,要有耐心不泄气就一定会成功的;A选项careful意为“细心的;B选项helpful意为“有 帮助的”。
【考点】词义辨析
patient
She is always patient with the patients, (adj.耐心的}
( )13. — Have you heard about Shenzhen International Magic Festival?
— ! It's a big event for magic lovers like me.
Well B. Certainly C. Exactly
【解析】B
根据句意B选项,certainly意为"无疑,确定地”,语境分析得知对方肯定知道深圳有 魔术节,因为他就是魔术迷;A选项well意为“好;好吧(口语)” ;C选项exactly意为“精 确地,准确地”。
【考点】词义辨析
certain

形容词一副词转换表

adj.
adv.

certain
certainly (adv.确切地)


( ) 14.-一 Jack usually to help at the underground station on weekends.
一-Cool! Let's join him next Saturday.
offers B. refuses C. forgets
【解析】A
根据句意A选项,offer意为"主动提出,自动给予",语境分析得知Jack志愿地铁义工, 对方很热心地表示想参与进来;B选项refuse意为“拒绝”;C选项forget意为“忘记"。
【考点】词义辨析offer
She offers to teach the interviewer Chinese, (v.自愿); offer to do (自愿去做) ( ) 15. -一Have you noticed that Anna's great progress in spoken English?
一Yes. She sets us a good example. Hard work always .
makes a deal B. makes a difference C. makes a problem 【解析】B
根据句意B选项,make a difference意为"有影响,有关系”,语境分析得知Anna的 口语水平提高了很多,归功于她的勤奋;A选项make a deal意为“成交,达成交易”;C 选项make a problem意为“有问题"。
【考点】短语辨析
make a difference
Peacekeepers are too few in number to make a difference.(有影响)
完形填空(15分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将相应的字母编号涂黑。(共10小题,每小题1.5分)
When I was young, I went to a boarding (寄宿)school in Edinburgh. It was far from
home because I 16 on an island in the north of Scotland.
It was a music school, and I studied the violin. At the end of the term, we all packed
our bags and our 17 to go home for our holidays. Most kids went by train or bus.
Some were 18 by their parents. But I had to go home by ferry — 14 hours
overnight on the open sea.
One summer, after packing my suitcase and violin, I said 19 to my friends. I
took the train to the ferry terminal (渡船码头)and then got on the ferry. But when the ferry
started moving, I realized a(n) 20 thing! I left my violin on the train!
Oh no! What should I do? What would my dad say? He’d be really 21 ! I got so
scared (害怕)that I didn’t sleep all night.
The next morning, I 22 the ferry to meet my dad. After I told him everything, he
laughed. I looked at him couldn’t believe it. 23 was he laughing?
I always had a label (标签)in my violin case with my address and a telephone number. My dad told me, “A cleaner found your violin on the train and took it to the police. They
24 me and put it on a plane. It arrived an hour ago.” 25 ,my violin was safe.
I was so happy!
( ) 16. A. lived B. played C. worked
( ) 17. A. introductions B. instructions C. instruments
(
) 18. A. picked up
B. cared for
C
woken up

(
) 19. A. hello
B. sorry
C
goodbye

(
) 20. A. wonderful
B. awful
C
successful

(
)21. A. happy
B. helpful
C
angry

(
) 22. A. got off
B. got on
C
got up

(
) 23. A. What
B. Why
C
When

(
) 24. A. called
B. caught
C
heard

(
) 25. A. Suddenly
B. Luckily
C
Sadly



A
【解析】结合上下文语境,句意为:这所学校里我家很远,因为我家住在苏格兰北部的一座 小岛上,故选A。
C
【解析】此题考查名词词意,introduction n.介绍,instruction n.描导,instrument n.乐器。 根据句意:在学期末,大家都打包好行李和自己的乐器回家,故选C。
A
【解析】此题考查词组意思,pick up开车接某人;care for关心,照顾;wake up醒了, 惊醒。根据句意:我的同学们一般都会坐火车或是有父母开车来接,故选A。
C
【解析】结合上下文语境,某一年暑假,在和同学们告别后,我登上了回家的船,故选C。
B
【解析】结合上下文语境,我意识到一个非常可怕的事情,我把我的小提琴落在了火车上, 故选B
C
【解析】结合上下文语境,我爸爸一定会特别生气,故选C
A
【解析】此题考查词组意思,get off从……下来;get on上车;get up起床,起立。结合 上下文语境,我下了船,见到我爸爸。故选A。
B
【解析】根据上下文语境,他为什么笑;如果选what, laughing后要加at,故只能选B。
A
【解析】根据上下文语境,警察给我爸爸打了电话,故选A。
B
【解析】根据通篇的意思,幸运的是,我的小提琴是安全的,故选B。
阅读理解(30分)
阅读下面短文,从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 将相应的字母编号涂黑。(共20小题,每小题1.5分)
题型
解析教材题
型参考比重
难度
2018深圳中
考试题比重
考点





获取文章的具体信息
根据文章的具体信息进行简

细节
55% ?65%
简单题型
60%
单的推理和判断
3.找出文中表示时间顺序,空
间顺序,逻辑思维顺序和文章
写作的框架结构顺序的关键词

主旨
10% ?20%
难题
10%
理解归纳文章的主旨要义、为
文章选定合适的题目

推理
判断
10% ?20%
较难題型
20%
理解作者的观点、意图和态度

猜词
10% ?20%
较难题型
10%
根据上下文和构词法推断、理
解生词的含义



近五年阅读考点分布
题型
2013年
2014年
2015年
2016年
2017年
2018年

细节
16
17
12
14
9
12

词汇
1
1
1
2
1
2

推测
4
3
5
2
6
4

主旨
4
4
2
2
4
2

总计
25
25
20
20
20
20



A
When you go on a vacation, the hotel you choose and the room you stay in are important. There are many cool theme (主题)hotel rooms around the world. Here are some of them.
The Harry Potter Room
The George Castle Hotel in England gives its guests the experience of staying in Harry Potter’s world.
This 19th-century castle hotel is beside Harry Potter tour bus stop. The bus will take you to the Making of Harry Potter studio tour.

An ice theme can be found at Hotel de Glace in Canada. In winter, you can get a fireplace and a private spa in the rooms.
The ice hotel has new rooms each year. This winter, it will build a room with the theme of Disney's movie Frozen.
Pirate (海盗)Theme Room
If you want a more attractive theme room, the Adventure Island Hotel in America is the best choice.
In their pirate theme rooms, you’ll feel like you’re on a pirate ship in a world of sea adventures.
Night at the Movie Room
At the Wens ley Hotel in Australia, guests are crazy about the Night at the Movies Room. There they can see different things of Hollywood, such as Hollywood signs over the door, and hand-painted actors’ pictures above the bed.
( ) 26. What can guests do during their stay
…………………………
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