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2018人教版英语八年级下册unit_10《i’ve_had_this_bike_for_three_years》教案
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i’ve_had_this_bike_for_three_years课件1(八年级英语)

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Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.
Section A1 (1a-2d)
学习目标
★知识目标:
掌握本课单词和短语
yard sale, sweet, soft toy, bear maker, scarf, board game, check out
★能力目标:
能听懂谈论人们拥有某物多长时间的话题,能熟练运用since, for 谈论自己的个人物品。
★情感目标:
正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。
教学过程
Step 1 Presentation
New words:
yard sale, toy bear, bread maker, scarf, soft toys, board games2
Step 2 Pair work
Work on 1a. Show the things at the yard sale. Let the students talk about them in pairs by using the important sentences.
--How long have you had that bike over there?
--I’ve had it for three years! I learned how to ride a bike on it.
Step 3 Listening
1b Listen and check (√) the facts you hear.
_____ Jeff’s family is having a yard sale.
_____ Amy thinks it’s hard to sell her old things.
_____ Jeff has had his bike for more than 10 years.
_____ Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories.
_____ You can also give old things away to people in need.
Listen again and fill in the blanks.
Amy: You have some great things in this _________,?Jeff.
Jeff:Thanks, Amy. Our family has _________ so?many?things over the years, but we don’t use them?anymore.
Amy: But isn’t it hard to sell some of your things? There are many things I’ve had ________________. I don’t think I could sell them.
Jeff:Yes, it’s hard to ___________ to certain things.
Amy: By the way, how long have you had that bike over there?2
Jeff:I’ve had it _____________! I learned how to ride a bike on it.
Amy: Old things really bring back sweet _________. But it’s true that we may never use some of these things again.
Jeff:Yes, like ________________ you’ve already read. You can sell those, or you can also ______________ to kids or people who need them.
Amy: Oh! __________ is this book?
Jeff:You can have it for 75 cents.
Step 4 Work on 1c
Practice the conversation. Then make conversations about other things in the picture above.
A: This is a really old book.
B: Yes, I’ve had it for seven years. I’ve read it three times.
A: Why are you selling it?
B: Because I don’t read it anymore.
A: How much is it?
B: You can have it for 75 cents.
Note:
anymore也可写作any more, 常用于否定句末尾, 表示“再也(不); (不)再”。相当于not … any longer。
e.g. You can have it, for I don’t need it anymore.
你可以把它拿走, 因为我不在需要它了。
The doctor told me not to play computer games anymore.
大夫叫我别再玩电脑游戏了。
Step 5 Listening (2a, 2b)
Work on 2a. Listen and check (√) the things Amy’s family are giving away and circle the things they are keeping.
book magazine toy bear toy lion
toy tiger bread maker sweater
dress hat scarf
Keys: giving away: magazine, toy lion, toy tiger, bread maker, dress
Keeping: book, toy bear, hat, scarf
Work on 2b. Listen again and fill in the blanks.
1. Amy has had her favorite ______ for three years.2
2. Amy has had the boy _____ since she was a ______.
3. Amy’s mom has had the old bread for more than _____ years.
4. Amy can give away the _______ and ______ because they do not fit her
anymore.
Keys: book, bear, baby, 10, sweater, dress
More practice. Listen again and choose the correct answers.
1. Amy wants to give away the _____.
A. book B. magazine C. bear D. hat
2. Why does the bear has special meaning to Amy?
A. Because her father bought it for her.
B. Because her Grandpa bought for her.
C. Because her Grandma bought for her.
3. Where can Amy take these things?
A. the children’s home
B. the old people’s home
C. the teachers’ home
Keys: BCA
Step 6 Pair work
Work on 2c. Student A is Amy’s mom, Student B is Amy. Make new conversations according to 2c.
A: Amy, can we give away these soft toys?
B: Mom, I want to keep the bear.
A: Why? It’s so old.
B: Because I’ve had it since I was a baby.
Step 7 Work on 2d
Read the conversation and answer the questions.
1. Who is Linda?
2. Who is Am? What does she want to do?
3. What things has Amy brought?
4. How long has Amy or her mom had them?
Role play the conversations in pairs.
Step 8 Language points
1. --How long have you had that bike there?
--I have had it for three years
辨析:how long, how soon, how often, how far
How long 多久,多长(时间)。对时间段提问,如:for+时间段;since+过去的时间点。
e.g. --How long have you worked in Beijing?
--For five years.
How soon多久以后。对“in+时间段提问,常用于一般将来时”,其答语常用“in+时间段”。
e.g. –How soon will Mr. Li be back?
--In a week.
How often多久一次,对频率提问,其答语为:once(twice/…)+时间段,always,usually等。
e.g. --How often do you exercise?
-- Once a day.
How far多远,对距离提问,其答语是表距离的内容。
e.g. -- How far is it from here to your school?
-- Three kilometers.
2. Because I’ve had it since I was a baby.
I have had this magazine for a couple of months.
a couple of 有两种意思: 其一,表示具体的数量“两个”,指两个相同的人或物体;其二,表示数量不定的”少数几个”,作这种虚指的用法时,具体意思往往视上下文和具体的语境而决定。
e.g. You have to wait for a couple of hours for the clothes to dry completely.
你得等上一两个小时让这些衣服完全干燥。
Look! There are a couple of boys waiting for you at the door.
瞧!门口有两三个男孩正在等你。
辨析:for 与since
for其后只能接表示“一段时间”的名词性短语,可用于多种时态,表示动作或状态持续时间段长短。
e.g. I have lived in this city for five years. 我在这座城市居住了5年了。
He usually sleeps for twelve hours every day. 他通常每天睡12个小时。
since 其后接表示“时间点”的短语或从句(过去时),也可以接“一段时间+ago”,常用于完成时态;还用于句型:“It is +时间段+since+一般过去时的句子”。表示过去某个时间发生并持续到说话时的动作或状态。
e.g. It is two years since I came to China. 自从我到中国以来已经两年了。
She has worked here for five years. =She has worked here since five years ago.
她在这儿工作5年了。
3. Jeff’s family is having a yard sale.
sale用作名词,意为“出售,销售”,on sale意为“出售,上市”;for sale意为“待售,供出售”,尤指从主人手里出售
e.g. Chickens are on sale in the market. 小鸡在市场上出售。
I’m sorry, it’s not for sale. 抱歉,它不出售。
4. Amy thinks it’s hard to sell her old things. 艾米认为卖掉她的旧东西很难。
It’s +adj. (+for sb.) to do sth. 意为“(对某人来说)做某事时……的”,it 是形式主语,真正主语是后面的动词不定式。
e.g. It’s important for un to learn English well.
学好英语对于我们来说是很重要的。
5. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories. 艾米想保留她的旧东西,因为它们勾起她的甜蜜回忆。
memory n. ,意为“记忆;回忆”,复数形式为memories,动词为memorize,意为“记忆,背诵”。
e.g. She has a good memory. 她记忆力好。
6. The stories inside may be a bit old, but they’re still interesting.
a bit意为“一点儿, 稍微”, 修饰形容词或副词, 相当于a little; a bit of +不可
数名词, a little直接加不可数名词。
e.g. There is a bit of/a little water in the bottle.
瓶子里有点儿水。
【链接】a little bit?也意为“有点儿”,可用来修饰形容词或副词。
e.g. I came a little bit ( = a bit / a little) early this morning.
【运用】完成句子,每空词数不限。
1)?对我来说,这个包有点儿贵。
This bag is ____________________ expensive for me.
2)?我们仍有点儿面包。
We still have ____________ bread.
7. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids.
check用作及物动词,意为“检查,审查”,短语check out,意为“察看,观察”。
e.g. If you finish it,check it by yourself first.
如果你完成了,就自己先检查一下。
Check out all the books for children.
察看一下所有的儿童书籍。
check 还可用作名词,意为“支票。账单”
Step 9 Exercises
Step 10 Homework
Write a conversation according to 2c

Section A 2 (3a-3c)
学习目标
★知识目标:
掌握本课单词和短语
clear clear out bedroom no longer own railway certain honest truthful to be honest part part with while
★能力目标:
能从阅读中获得个人物品的相关信息。
★情感目标:
正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。
教学过程
Step 1 New words
1. bedroom n. 卧室
2. railway n. 铁路;铁道
3. junior adj. 地位 (或职位、级别) 低下的
junior high school 初级中学
e.g. We could give the job to somebody junior.
我们可以把这份工作交给职位较低的人。
4. own v. 拥有;有
e.g. Most households now own at least one car.
大多数家庭现在至少有一辆汽车。
5. truthful adj. 诚实的;老实的
e.g. He was not always truthful.
他并非总是说真话。
Step 2 Fast reading
3a Read the article written by a father for a newspaper. What is his family going to sell at the yard sale?
Keys: Son : a train and railway set; the toy monkey
Daughter: certain toys
Father: football shirts
Step 3 Careful reading
Read the passage and choose true (T) or false (F)
1. My daughter is 15 and my boy has already started junior high school.
2. Our house really get smaller.
3. My son was quite sad at first.
4. My daughter felt happy to part with certain toys.
5. I want to give up my football shirts.
Keys: FFTFT
3b Read the article again and answer the questions
1. Why did they decide to have a yard sale?
Because the father’s children get bigger and their house seems to get smaller.
2. What do they want to do with the money from the sale?
They want to give the money to a children’s home.
3. Why does the son want to keep his train and railway set?
Because he has owned it since his fourth birthday, and he played with it almost every week until he was about seven.
4. How can the old toys be useful again?
They can be sold to the people who need them.
5. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things?
What would you do with the money you raise?
Yes, I have. I would give it to the charity
Step 4 Language points
1. We have already cleared out a lot of things from our bedrooms.
clear v. 清理;清除
clear out 清理;丢掉
e.g. I’ll clear out that closet for you. 我要替你把那个小衣橱清理出来。
2. We have decided to each sell five things that we no longer use.
1) each在句中对we进行限定,表示 “(两个或两个以上的人或物中)各自,每个”。如:
My sister and I each have an English-Chinese dictionary.
我和姐姐各有一本英汉词典。
2) no longer意为“不再;不复”,通常位于实义动词之前,助动词、情态动词或系动词之后。 它与not …any longer或not … any more同义。
e.g. He no longer lives here. = He doesn’t live here any longer / any more.
She is no longer a child. = She isn’t a child any longer / any more.
【运用】
I. 完成句子, 每空一词。
2013年3月, 由于H7N9禽流感, 白水鸭在南京不再受欢迎。
White ducks are ____ _______ lovely in Nanjing
…………………………
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