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牛津译林版九年级上英语Unit_8_Grammar课件(共39张ppt)
所属科目:英语    文件类型:ppt
类别:课件
上传日期:2018/9/4  
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该ppt共有39张ppt
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Unit 8

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Unit 8 Detective stories

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Grammar

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翻译下列短语。
1. 一位22岁男子的尸体2. 发生;举行3. 在案发现场4. 在案发时
the body of a 25-year-old man
Revision
take place
at the scene of the crime
at the time of the crime

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5. 在她被发现的地方6. 看到不寻常事情的人7. 被……所伤8. 流血致死9. 结果10. 检查,核实
at the place where he was found
anyone who saw anything unusual
be wounded with…
bleed to death
as a result
check…for…

----第6张ppt内容:------
11. 一份收入高的工作12. 根据……13. 犯有……罪的14. 指控某人做某事 15. 强行闯入几个电脑系统16. 使某人树敌
a well-paid job
according to…
be guilty of…
charge sb. with doing sth.
break into several computer systems
make sb. some enemies

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17. 气喘吁吁地18. 提供……的奖金19. 导致凶手的被捕
breathe heavily
offer a reward of…
lead to the arrest of the murderer

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一、定义:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。The man who lives next to us is a lawyer.
The man is a lawyer. The man lives next to us.
定语从句

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He is the man who I saw yesterday.他就是我昨天见的那个人。Football is a game which is liked by most boys.足球是一种深受大多数男孩喜欢的运动。Give me the book that you read just now.把你刚才读的书给我。

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Millie is writing down some sentences about the murder case. Help her decide whether they contain defining relative clauses. Underline the defining relative clauses.
More about the murder

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The young man mentioned that he was going to visit his parents after work.The elderly couple were very sad to hear that their only son was murdered.The police are now checking the scene for fingerprints and other clues that may help solve the case.
________________________

----第12张ppt内容:------
4. There was probably more than one person who had something to do with the murder.5. A man who had blood on his shirt was seen running down Corn Street.6. People hope that the police will catch the murderer soon.
_________________________
___________
______________________

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被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词引出。引导定语从句的关系代词有 who, which, that ,whom, whose,等和关系副词 where, when, why 等。关系代词和关系副词在定语从句中担任句子成分。

----第14张ppt内容:------
常见的关系代词有who、which和that 。他们所代替的先行词是表示人或物的名词或代词,并在从句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。1. 关系代词who 指人,在定语从句中做 主语或宾语。 e.g. Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way. 昨天我帮助了一位迷路的老人。

----第15张ppt内容:------
2. 关系代词which指物,在宾语从句中 做主语或者宾语。 e.g. This is the fridge which he bought yesterday. 这是他昨天买的电冰箱。

----第16张ppt内容:------
3. 关系代词that 指人时,相当于who; 指物时,相当于which。当其在定语从句中做宾语时可省略。 e.g. Mary likes music that is quiet and nice. 玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。

----第17张ppt内容:------
Simon and his friends are playing a game. Each person has to say something about detective stories. Use who, which or that to help them complete their sentences.
About detective stories

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Simon: Edgar Allen Poe was the man (1)___________ first wrote detectives stories in English.Millie: Japanese writes have written some great stories (2) ____________ require readers to check every tiny detail for possible clues to the criminal cases.
which / that
who / that

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Daniel: Sherlock Holmes is a character (3)__________ was created by Arthur Conan Doyle as a master at solving crimes.Suzy: Conan is a detective (4)__________ appears in a cartoon series popular among teenagers all over the world.Kitty: Agatha Christie was a female writer (5) _________ is considered the queen of crime novels.
who / that
who / that
who / that

----第20张ppt内容:------
1. A young man was murdered yesterday. / He was single. A young man ____________________ was murdered yesterday.
A reporter is interviewing a police officer on TV about the murder in West Town. Millie is talking notes. Help her complete the sentences using relative clauses.
who/that was single
Solving the crimes

----第21张ppt内容:------
2. A knife was found in a rubbish bin near Corn Street. / It was covered in blood. A knife ____________________________ was found in a rubbish bin near Corn Street.3. We need information. / It’ll help solve the case. We need information ______________________________.
which/that was covered in blood
which/that will help solve the case

----第22张ppt内容:------
4. Here’s a drawing of the person. / He might be the murderer of the young man. Here is the drawing of the person _______________________________________________.
who/that might be the murderer of the young man

----第23张ppt内容:------
A few days later, Millie is telling her dad about the murder. Complete their conversation with who, which or that and the expressions in the box.
is not allowed by the law his boss had committedkilled the young manwas seen running down the street
Dad: Has there been any progress in the West Town murder case, Millie?

----第24张ppt内容:------
is not allowed by the law his boss had committedkilled the young manwas seen running down the street
Millie: Yes. The person _______________ _________________ was his boss!Dad: Really? Why did he do it?
who/that killed the young man

----第25张ppt内容:------
is not allowed by the law his boss had committedkilled the young manwas seen running down the street
Millie: The boss did something _________ ____________________. The victim wanted to report the crime _____________________________ to the police.
which/that isn’t allowed by the law
which/that his boss had committed

----第26张ppt内容:------
is not allowed by the law his boss had committedkilled the young manwas seen running down the street
Dad: How terrible! What about the man ________________________ _______________.
who/that was seen running down the street

----第27张ppt内容:------
Millie: Well, it turned out that he had nothing to do with this case. He works in a meat market and the blood on his shirt was from killing hens and ducks. He was in a hurry to catch a bus!

----第28张ppt内容:------
I am sure she has something _______ you can borrow.
1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something, anything, little, much 等不定代词时。
that和which在指物的情况下一般都可互换, 但在下列情况下, 一般用that而不用which。
that

----第29张ppt内容:------
2) 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时。 I’ve read all the books _____ are not mine. 3) 先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 This is the first book _____ he has read.4) 先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 This is the very book ____ belongs to him.
that
that
that

----第30张ppt内容:------
归纳: that, 既指人又指物, 作主语或宾语。which, 指物, 作主语或宾语。that指人时相当于who或whom,指物时相当于which。who指人,在从句中作主语或宾语。whom指人,在从句中作宾语。that, which, whom在定语从句中作宾语时, 可省去。

----第31张ppt内容:------
1) A plane is a machine ___________ can fly.2) The car __________my uncle bought last week was stolen.3) The students ________ don’t study hard will not pass the exam.
which/that
which/that
who/that

----第32张ppt内容:------
4) The woman __________ you saw in the park is our English teacher.5) He talked happily about the men and books _____ interested him greatly in the school.
whom/that
that

----第33张ppt内容:------
Exercises

----第34张ppt内容:------
请从各题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。1. Have you found the book _____ you want? A. who B. that C. where D. when
B

----第35张ppt内容:------
2. I don’t know the girl ____ is wearing a pair of sunglasses. A. which B. who C. where D. when3. The machine _____ I have looked after for twenty years is still working well. A. who B. where C. when D. which
B
D

----第36张ppt内容:------
Fill in the gaps.1. The terrible typhoon killed the people and cattle ____ were in the fields.2. The wind blew down the tallest tree ____ is in front of our school gate.3. This is the very thing _____ I was looking for.
that
that
that

----第37张ppt内容:------
4. This is the second novel ____ I have ever read.5. There is nothing in the world ____ can frighten me.6. Who is the man ____ is reading under the tree?7. My hometown is not the same one ____ it used to be twenty years ago.
that
that
that
that

----第38张ppt内容:------
1. Remember the new words in this lesson. 2. Do the exercises on the workbook.
Homework

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