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2018_2019学年冀教版九年级英语上册Unit1教案
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上传日期:2018/11/8  
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Unit 1 Stay Healthy
Lesson 1: What’s Wrong, Danny?
I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
stomach, regret, fever, pale, Sara, examination, pain, X-ray
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1) Danny wakes up his parents.
2) I regret eating so many donuts now.
3) Need we go there right now?
4) She takes them to a small examination room.
5) Danny needs to stay in the hospital today.
Language Points:
1. regret
【用法】作及物动词,意为“对……感到后悔”,后加名词、代词、动名词作宾语。
【举例】①Tony has been regretting that matter. 托尼对那件事情一直感到很后悔。②I regret making such a foolish decision. 我后悔做出这么愚蠢的决定。
【用法】作不可数名词,意为“遗憾、惋惜”。
【举例】His great regret is not seeing his father for the last time. 他最大的遗憾是没有能最后一次见他父亲一面。
2. Danny wakes up his parents. 丹尼把他的父母叫醒了。
【用法】短语wake up意为“叫醒”,这是“动词+副词”短语。这类短语用名词作宾语时,名词可在副词前,也可用在副词后;如用代词作宾语时,代词则必须用在副词前。故这句话中的wake up his parents 还可说为wake his parents up。
【举例】Mum, will you please wake me up at five tomorrow morning? 妈妈,你能在明天早晨五点钟叫醒我吗?
【拓展】wake up也可不带宾语,意为“醒来”。
【举例】That baby suddenly woke up and cried. 那个婴儿突然醒了,然后哭了起来。
3. She takes them to a small examination room. 她带他们去了一个小检查室。
【用法】句式take somebody to…意为“带某人去某地”,介词to后加表示地点的名词或代词。
【举例】My father took me to the zoo last Sunday. 上个星期日我父亲带我去了动物园。
4. Danny needs to stay in the hospital today.
【用法】句中的need作实义动词用,意为“需要”,后面可加名词、代词、不定式、动名词作宾语。
【举例】①They are certain to need help. 他们一定需要帮助。②You don’t need to buy a new computer. 你不必买新计算机。③This machine needs repairing. 这台机器需要维修了。
【拓展】作情态动词用,意为“需要、必须”,后加动词原形,并且多用于否定句和疑问句中。
【举例】She needn’t wait for them. 她不必等他们了。
Lesson 2: A Visit to the Dentist
I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
dentist, refuse, toothache, rotten, fortunately, headset, aching, German, wolf
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1)I’m really afraid of going to the dentist.
2)I had no choice but to go with her.
3)She saw right away that I was scared and told me not to worry.
4)Before I knew it, my aching tooth was fixed.
Language Points:
1. refuse
【用法】作不及物动词,意为“拒绝、回绝”,后面的动词可用不定式形式。
【举例】①We invited him to our party, but he refused. 我邀请他参加我们的聚会,但他拒绝了。②She refused to travel with us. 她拒绝和我们一起去旅行。
【用法】作及物动词,意为“拒绝给予”,后加名词或代词作宾语。
【举例】The United States has refused him a visa. 美国拒绝给他发放签证。
2. I’m really afraid of going to the dentist. 我真的害怕去看牙医。
【用法】句式be afraid of 意为“害怕……”,后加名词、代词、动名词作介词of的宾语。
【举例】①My little sister is afraid of cats. 我的小妹妹怕猫。②Tony is afraid of coming out at night. 托尼害怕在晚上出来。
【拓展】句式be afraid to do …意为“害怕做某事”;另,be afraid 后还可加宾语从句,意为“恐怕……”。
【举例】①Danny is afraid to stay at home alone. 丹尼害怕独自呆在家里。②We are afraid that we can’t finish all the work today. 我们恐怕今天不能完成所有的工作。
3. I had no choice but to go with her. 我没有别的选择只有和她一起去了。
【用法】句式have no choice but to do…表示“别无选择只能做……”,注意but后的动词要用不定式形式。
【举例】They had no other choice but to work hard. 他们没有别的选择只有努力工作。
Lesson 3: Good Food, Good Health
I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
grain, corn, vitamin, mineral, fiber, protein, bean, Asian, soy, calcium, bone, yogurt, contain, balanced, diet
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1. They help you grow and stay healthy.
2. They’re made with lots of fresh vegetables.
3. Do we need to balance our diet?
Language Points:
1. corn
【用法】作可数名词,意为“玉米”,复数形式是corns。
【举例】They planted a lot of corns on their farm. 他们在农场上种了很多玉米。
2. Breakfast cereal is also made of different grains. 早餐麦片也是由不同的谷物制成的。
【用法】句中的短语be made of…意思是“由……制成”,通过成品可以看出原材料。
【举例】These tables are all made of wood. 这些桌子都是木头做的。
【拓展】类似的短语还有:
be made from… “由……制成”,通过成品不能看出原材料。
be made in… “在某地制造”。
be made by somebody “由某人制造”。
be made into… “把……制成”,指把原料制成成品。
【举例】①This kind of paper is made from grass. 这种纸是用草制成的。②That bicycle is made in Tianjin.那辆自行车是天津制造的。③This kite was made by Li Ming.这个风筝是李明做的。④Grapes can be made into wine.葡萄能酿成酒。
2. Calcium makes your bones and teeth strong. 钙能使你的骨骼和牙齿坚固。
【用法】句中的形容词strong用在your bones and teeth后作宾语补足语。动词make后面可以加名词、代词、不带to的不定式、形容词、过去分词等词语构成的复合结构。
【举例】①We made Bill our monitor. 我们选比尔当班长。 ②The boss makes the workers work long hours every day. 老板迫使工人们每天工作很长时间。③What makes you so happy? 什么事情让你这么高兴?④This made her so frightened. 这件事使他很害怕。
Lesson 4: Don’t Smoke, Please! I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
smoke, harmful, disease, lung, breathe, harm, cigarette, whenever, risk, somebody
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1) In many countries, smoking in public places is now against the law.
2) Never touch cigarettes.
3) If your family members smoke, encourage them to stop smoking.
4) Once you get into the habit of smoking, it’s not easy to give it up.
Language Points:
1. risk
【用法】作可数名词,意为“危险、冒险”。
【举例】Despite such accidents, even more people are taking the risk. 尽管事故频发,但很多人仍然在冒险。
【用法】作及物动词,意为“冒……的危险”,后面的动词要用动名词形式。
【举例】They risked losing lives to save that children. 他们冒着生命危险挽救那个孩子。
2. In many countries, smoking in public places is now against the law. 在很多国家,在公共场所吸烟现在是违法的。
【用法】这句话中的smoking in public places 是动名词短语作主语, 此时谓语动词要用单数形式。
【举例】Playing with children is very interesting. 和孩子们在一起玩很有趣。
【用法】介词短语 against the law意为“违背法律”,在句中作表语或定语。
【举例】We can’t do anything against the law. 我们不能做任何违法的事情。
3. If your family members smoke, encourage them to stop smoking. 如果你的家人吸烟,鼓励他们戒烟。
【用法】句式encourage somebody to do something 意为“鼓励某人做某事”,这里用不定式作宾语补足语。
【举例】The teachers always encourage us to study hard. 老师总是鼓励我们努力学习。
【用法】句式 stop doing something 意为“停止做某事”,类似句式stop to do something 则表示“停下来去做某事”。
【举例】It is too late. Please stop playing games. 时间很晚了。请不要玩游戏了。
4. Once you get into the habit of smoking, it’s not easy to give it up. 一旦你养成吸烟的习惯,就不容易戒掉了。
【用法】句式get into the habit of doing…意为“养成或形成……习惯”,介词of后加动名词作宾语。
【举例】His uncle has got into the habit of drinking wine. 他叔叔养成了喝酒的习惯。
Lesson 5: Jane’s Lucky Life I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
damage, unable, dare, wheelchair, control, telephone, hers, cheer, kick, disabled, pity
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1) She can answer it just by saying “hello”.
2) She likes to watch her eleven-year-old son play soccer.
3) If you only focus on your problems, you’ll have a life full of them.
4) People who don’t know how lucky they are.
Language Points:
1 control
【用法】作不可数名词,意为“控制、管理、支配”。
【举例】All the things are back in control. 所有的事情都已在控制之中。
【用法】作及物动词,意为“控制、管理、支配”,后加名词或代词作宾语。
【举例】The young manager controls a large company. 一位年轻的经理管理一家大公司。
2. She can answer it just by saying “hello”. 她只能通过说“hello”回答它。
【用法】介词by加动名词表示通过某种方式做某事,在句中作状语。
【举例】She learns English by reading and speaking. 她通过读和说学英语。
3. She likes to watch her eleven-year-old son play soccer. 她喜欢看她11岁的儿子踢足球。
【用法】句式watch somebody do something 意为“看某人做了某事”,所指动作已经完成。类似句式watch somebody doing something意为“看某人正做某事”,所指动作正在进行。
【举例】I watched her dancing under the tree with her friends. 我看她正在树下和她的朋友们跳舞呢。
4. If you only focus on your problems, you’ll have a life full of them. 如果你只是注意你的问题,你就会过一个充满问题的生活。
【用法】句式focus on意为“注意……,致力于,关注……”,后加名词或代词作宾语。
【举例】We should focus on something important. 我们应该关注一些重要的事情。
Lesson 6: Stay Away from the Hospital I. Learning aims:
Master the new words:
appendicitis, appendix, sleepy, mention
II. Learning important and difficult points:
1) I slept all day after my appendix was taken out.
2) She told me to drink plenty of water and have a good rest.
3) Fortunately, you and Wang Mei are both getting much better now.
4) I think we should try hard to form good habits so that we can stay healthy and stay away from the hospital!
Language Points:
1. sleepy
【用法】作形容词,意为“困倦的、瞌睡的、安静的、冷清的”,在句中作定语或表语。
【举例】①Why are you so sleepy, Danny? 丹尼,你为什么这么困倦呢?②This is a sleepy village, isn’t it? 这是一个寂静的小村庄,是吗?
2. She told me to drink plenty of water and have a good rest. 她告诉我多喝水并且要好好休息。
【用法】这句话用不定式作宾语补足语,句式tell somebody to do something 意为“告诉某人做某事”;如果表示“告诉某人不要做某事”则用句式tell somebody not to do something。除动词tell外,ask, want, order等也有这种用法。
【举例】①She asked me to help her with her English. 她请我帮她学英语。②The officer ordered the soldiers to lie down. 军官命令士兵们卧倒。③Our teacher wants us to come to school on time. 我们老师要我们按时到校。
3. Fortunately, you and Wang Mei are both getting much better now. 幸运的是,你和王梅现在都好多了。
【用法】比较级前可以用much, even, still, far, a bit, a little, a lot 等词加以修饰。
【举例】①This unit is much easier than that one. 这个单元比那个单元容易得多。②I’m a little taller than she. 我的个子比她的个子稍高一点。③This book is far more interesting than that one.这本书比那本书有趣得多。
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