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(人教版)2019版高中英语电子课本(必修1)(word版,20页)-(高一)
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必修1 第一单元  Reading 阅读  ANNE’S BEST FRIEND
  Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.
  安妮最好的朋友
  你想不想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友?或者你会不会担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,所以她把的日记视为自己最好的朋友。
  Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so the had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.
  在第二次世界大战期间,安妮住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则就会被德国的纳粹分子抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了25个月之后才被发现。在那段时期,她的日记成了她唯一忠实的朋友。她说:“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把我的日记当作自己的朋友,我把我的这个朋友叫做基蒂。”现在,来看看安妮自1942年7月起躲进藏身处后的那种心情吧。
  Thursday 15, June, 1944
  Dear kitty,
  I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.
  …For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…
  …Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.
  Yours,
  Anne
1944年6月15日,星期四
  亲爱的基蒂:
  我不知道这是不是因为我太久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里之后,这一切都变了。
  ……比如说,有一天晚上天气很暖和,我故意熬到晚上11点半都不睡觉,为的就是能独自好好地看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我都不敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的,我一直呆到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的雨夜,刮着大风,电闪雷鸣,乌云滚滚,我完全被这种景象镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次亲眼目睹的夜晚……
  ……不幸的是……我只能透过那满是灰尘的窗帘下那脏兮兮的窗户看看大自然。只能隔着窗户看那大自然实在没意思,因为大自然是需要真正体验的东西。
  你的安妮
  Using Language? 语言运用
  Reading and listening 读与听
  1? Read the letter that Lisa wrote to Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers and predict what Miss Wang will say. After listening, check and discuss her advice.
  Dear Miss Wang,
  I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. We have become really good friends. But other students have started gossiping. They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry. I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do?
  Yours,
  Lisa
  1? 读读琳达为青少年写给电台王小组的这封信,然后王小姐可能会怎么说。听完录音之后,核对并讨论她的建议。
  亲爱的王小姐:
  现在我同班上的同学有些麻烦事。我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处的很好。我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意互相帮助。我们成了真正好朋友。可是,其他同学却在背后议论起来,他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。我不想中断这段友谊,但是,我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢?
  你的莉萨
  Reading and writing 读与写
  Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiaodong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it.
  王小姐收到小冬的一封来信。小冬是要征求一些意见。仔细阅读右边的信,然后帮王小姐回复。
  Dear Miss Wang,
  I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people. Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation, but I don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.
  Yours,
  Xiaodong
  亲爱的王小姐:
  我是湖州高中的一名学生,我有一个难题,我不大善于与人们交际。虽然我试着和班上的同学交谈,但是,我还是很难跟他们成为好朋友。因此,有时候我感到十分的孤独。我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道怎么办。如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。
  你的小东
  2? Decide which are the best ideas and put them into an order. Then write down your advice and explain how it will help. Each idea can make one paragraph. The following sample and the expressions may help you
  Dear Xiaodong,
  I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you follow my advice. Here are some tips to help you.
  First, why not…?
  If you do this,…
  Secondly, you could / can …
  Then / That way, …
  Thirdly, it would be a good idea if …
  By doing this, …
  I hope you will find these ideas useful.
  Yours
  Miss Wang
  2? 决定哪些是最好并把它们按顺序组织起来。然后把你的建议写出来,并解释它为什么会有所帮助。每个想法可以自成一个段落。下面的例子和表达可能对你有所帮助。
  亲爱的小冬:
  很遗憾听说你在交朋友的过程中遇到了困难。但是,如果你听听我的建议,这种情况是很容易改变的。这些建议会对你有所帮助。
  第一,为什么不……呢?
  如果你这样做……
  第二,你可以……
  这样的话……
  第三,如果……那将是个不错的主意。
  通过做……
  我希望你会发现这些想法对你有所帮助。
  你的王小姐
  LEARNING TIP 学习建议
  It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. It can help you remember past events. You can express your feelings and thoughts in it. It will help you improve your English if you write your diary in English. Why not have a try?
  写日记对你来说是一个好习惯。它可以帮你记住一些过去发生的事件。你还可以在日记中表达你的情感和思想。如果你用英语写日记的话,还可以帮助你提高英语水平。为什么不试一试呢?
第二单元  Reading? 阅读  THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH
  At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before.
  通向现代英语之路
  在16世纪末,大约有五至七百万人讲英语。几乎所有这些讲英语的人都住在英格兰。在其后的一个世纪中,英格兰人为征服世界航海到了世界其他一些地方,结果世界的其他地方的人们也开始说英语了。今天,把英语作为自己的第一语言、第二语言或外语来使用的人比以往任何时候都多。
  Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:
  British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?
  American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.
  以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此听懂。请看看这个例子:
  英国人贝蒂:来看看我的公寓吗?
  美国人艾米:好的,我来看看你的公寓吧。
  So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.
  那么,随着时间的推移英语为什么发生了变化呢?实际上,当不同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展和变化。开始,英格兰人在大约公元450年到1150年之间所说的英语与我们今天所说的英语很不一样。当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,不像我们现在说的英语。后来,大约在公元800年至1150年之间,英语慢慢变得不那么像德语,因为统治英格兰的那些人开始是说丹麦语,后来说法语。这些新来的定居者丰富了英语语言,尤其是丰富了英语词汇。所以到17世纪初的时候,莎士比亚能够得以使用比以往任何时候都丰富的词汇。1620年一些英国定居者来到了美洲,后来到了18世纪的时候,一些英国人还被带到了澳大利亚。英语也就开始在这两个国家使用。
  Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.
  最后到19世纪的时候,英语这种语言就变得稳定了。当时,英语的拼写发生了两个很大的变化:先是塞缪尔?约翰逊编写了他的英语词典,后是诺亚?韦伯斯特出版了《美国英语词典》。后者使得美式英语的拼写有了其独特的个性。
  English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.
  现在英语在南亚地区也被作为外语或第二语言使用。比如,印度就有很多人说英语说得很流利,因为在1765年到1947年之间英国统治着印度。在此期间,英语成了印度政府和教育所用的语言。在新加坡和马来西亚以及像非洲的南非,人们现在也说英语。当今,在中国学英语的人数正在快速增加,事实上,中国可能是学英语人数最多的国家。中国式英语是否也能发展成一种具有自己独特个性的语言?这还有待时间去证明。
  Using Language? 语言运用
  STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS
  What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English. This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.
  When people use words and expressions different form “standard language”, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently. American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.
  Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect. When Americans moved form one place to another, they took their dialects with them. So people from the moun
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